School Performance of College Student

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Academic Performance of College
Students: Influence of Time Spent
Studying and Working

ABSTRACT. Today’s college students
are less prepared for college-level work
than their predecessors. Once they get to
college, they tend to spend fewer hours
studying while spending more hours working, some even full time (D. T. Smart, C. A. Kelley, & J. S. Conant, 1999). In this study,
the authors examined the effect of both
time spent studying and time spent working
on academic performance. The authors further evaluated the interaction of motivation and ability with study time and its effect on
academic performance. The results suggested that nonability variables like motivation and study time significantly interact with
ability to influence academic performance.
Contrary to popular belief, the amount of
time spent studying or at work had no
direct influence on academic performance.
The authors also addressed implications
and direction for future research.
Copyright © 2006 Heldref Publications


oday’s college students are spending less time studying. The fall 2003 survey conducted by the Higher
Education Research Institute at
UCLA’s Graduate School of Education
and Information Studies found that
only 34% of today’s entering freshmen
have spent six or more hours per week
outside of class on academic-related
work (e.g., doing homework, studying)
during their senior year in high school.
The sample consisted of 276,449 students at 413 of the nation’s 4-year colleges and universities (over one fourth of entering freshmen in the United
States), and the data were statistically
adjusted to reflect responses of all firsttime, full-time students entering all four-year colleges and universities as
freshmen in 2003. In fact, in 1987 when
this question was asked of entering
freshmen, 47.0% claimed they spent 6
or more hours per week studying outside of class. Since...
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