School Health Clinic

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M-45, Batch: C, Roll no.: 69-74

SCHOOL HEALTH CLINIC

Boundary Road, Mymensingh

Date of visit: 27/03/2011

Briefed by: Dr. Sahin Sultana,

Medical Officer.

PREFACE

The school health program encompasses comprehensive health care (promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative) to school students in order to prepare them physically, mentally socially for entry into adulthood as a step towards achieving the goal of ‘Health for All’. The school health program dates back to 1951 when 3 school health clinics were established in Dhaka and Chittagong Municipal areas. By 1973, 20 more school health clinics were established at the District Head Quarters of the country. It is a project of DGHS.

OBJECTIVES OF SCHOOL HEALTH CLINIC

A. To prevent diseases among the students.

B. To promote health of the students.

C. Early diagnosis, treatment & follow up cases, congenital anomalies, refractive errors etc.

D. To make health consciousness among the school students.

E. To provide healthful environment in the school.

F. To improve nutritional status of the school students.

IMPORTANCE OF SCHOOL HEALTH SERVICES

The health of the school children is a common concern of school, parents and ‘the community’. A child has to be healthy to learn and school is the next place to home, where a child learns to be healthy. At the time of entering school the children are in the most formative period. The school is particularly important because these institutions represent gathering places for a population of age 5-17 years which is particularly prone and susceptible to many communicable diseases and vulnerable to physical, mental and moral hazards with which the students may come in contact in connection with their school experiences.

COMMON HEALTH PROBLEMS OF SCHOOL CHOLDREN

• Problems related to health of students:

o Nutritional problems-PEM, Xeropthalmia etc.

o Eye problems- Visual defects, Conjunctivitis, squint etc.

o Dental problems- Dental carries.

o Ear and throat infection- Otitis media, Sore throat, Tonsillitis.

o Skin diseases- Scabies, Ring worm etc.

o Parasitic infection- Thread worm, Round worm, Hook worm etc.

o Communicable diseases- Measles, Mumps, Diphtheria etc.

o Common cold.

o Loose motion/ Diarrhea.

o Pneumonia.

• Problem related to the school:

o Environmental & sanitation problem.

o Problem of safe drinking water supply and washing.

o Overcrowding of classroom.

o Absence of playground.

o Drug abuse including smoking.

COMPONENT OF SCHOOL HEALTH TEAM

➢ At the district level:

• Medical officer.

• Public health nurse.

• Pharmacist.

• Support staff (peon) [formerly called MLSS].

• District health education officer.

• School teacher.

• Class monitor.

Civil Surgeon has overall responsibility.

➢ At the upazilla level:

• Medical officer.

• Public health nurse.

• Health inspector.

• Support staff.

• School teacher.

• Class monitor.

UH&FPO has overall responsibility.

EQUIPMENTS (TOOLS) USED BY SCHOOL HEALTH MEDICAL OFFICER DURING HIS/HER VISIT

▪ First aid box containing-

✓ Savlon (antiseptic solution).

✓ Spirit.

✓ Gauge.

✓ Bandage.

✓ Saline.

✓ Paracetamol.

▪ Stethoscope.

▪ Thermometer.

▪ Weighing machine.

▪ Tongue depressor.

▪ Nasal speculum.

▪ Torch light.

▪ Auroscope.

▪ Measuring tape.

DUTIES OF A SCHOOL MEDICAL OFFICER

❖ Periodical examination of school children according to planned schedule.

❖ Examination, treatment and following up of the students for their...
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