School English

Topics: American Civil War, African American, Southern United States Pages: 3 (838 words) Published: May 30, 2013
Martin Luther King Speech Analysis

Ms Balalas
Miss McLure

Rukshikaa Elankumaran
Question and answer format.

Civil Rights Movement
Explain the context surrounding the speech.
History leading towards the civil rights movement with Martin Luther King includes issues dating back to the 19th century. Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president known for the end of slavery and preserving the union during the war. Following the end of the civil war in 1865 slavery was declared illegal freeing approximately four million African Americans. This group raised a concern for those in control of the white American in Southern States. As for many Southern whites neglected Washington's policies by the use of local laws. As for the freed slaves this was a time known as "Reconstruction" with the hope that liberty would lead to prosperity. However life's definition seemed to be discrimination for many blacks having the legality of "separate but equal" services and facilities. Expectations of the blacks were further raised due to the involvement in world war || in which many African Americans lost their lives in battles against Hitler for his racism. Therefore a shortage in labour provided African Americans with the opportunity of industrial jobs which eventually led to the migration from Southern farms to Northern cities for majority. This is what led to the civil rights movement with Martin Luther King as their leader. Included within this movement was protests such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott, Greensboro sit ins and the little rock nine. Martin Luther King is ideally known for his "I have a dream" speech in which he spoke only of the discrimination that the African Americans face and the freedom to which the blacks look towards at. Explain who the audience and the intended audience were.

For the duration of the "I have a dream" speech there was vast amount of audience. Not only was there the African Americans discriminated by the black but also those whites who were...
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