Schizotypal and Narcissistic Personality Disorders

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Schizotypal is a Cluster A personality disorder. It is characterized by unusual behavior, appearance, thought patterns and lack of social skills (Wood 2001). Schizotypal personality disorder is marked by an inability and acute discomfort for forming close relationships (APA 2000). It also involves having cognitive and perceptual distortions (Fundukian 2008) and displaying eccentricities of behavior (APA 2000). Schizotypal also involves odd, coherent, but unimportant speech (Fundukian 2008). The symptoms for Schizotypal Personality are listed in the DSM-IV-TR as follows: * Ideas of reference or incorrect interpretations of events- Individuals may have difficulty seeing the correct cause, and effect of situations and how they affect others. They also interpret and believe events as having a particular and unusual meaning. * Odd beliefs or magical thinking- Individuals may be superstitious or preoccupied with the paranormal. They believe in the “sixth sense.” * Unusual perceptual experiences, including bodily illusions- Individuals may believe they have special powers like being able to read thoughts or predict the future. * Odd thinking and speech- Individuals may have speech patterns that seem strange and confusing. * Suspiciousness or paranoid thoughts- Individual are often suspicious of others and thus display paranoid tendencies. * Inappropriate or constricted affect- Individuals act inappropriate or stiff when trying to form relationships. * Behavior or appearance that is odd, eccentric, or peculiar- Individuals have unusual manners and are often unkempt. * Lack of close friends or confidants- Individual prefer keeping to themselves, they feel uncomfortable relating to other people. * Excessive social anxiety- Individuals feel anxious around unfamiliar people, but may not diminish with familiarity. Anxiety is more associated with paranoia and suspiciousness (APA 2000). The exact cause for Schizotypal personality disorder is still...
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