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The word schizophrenia derives from the Latin words of schizo, meaning “split,” and phrenia, meaning “mind.” It’s a serious and lifelong mental disorder characterized by highly disordered thought processes. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), approximately one percent of Americans aging from 18 and older suffer from schizophrenia (2009). The outcomes of schizophrenia on people can be described by the “rule of fourths.” According to Santrock, “one-fourth get well and stay well; one-fourth go on medication and are able to live independently; another one-fourth are well enough to live in a group home; and one-fourth do poorly and are institutionalized” (2005). The disorder of schizophrenia and multiple personality are commonly mistaken as being related. However, schizophrenia “involves the split of an individual’s personality from reality, not the coexistence of several personalities within one individual” (Santrock 2005). Those who suffer from this disorder show inappropriate emotion, abnormal movements, and social withdrawals (Santrock 2005). Moreover, an individual can experience delusions and believe he’s another person, such as Jesus Christ or any other famous celebrity. Description

There are four main types of schizophrenia: disorganized, catatonic, paranoid, and undifferentiated. Disorganized schizophrenia is when one has delusions and hallucinations that have little or no meaning (Santrock 2005). Those suffering from this type withdraw or hide from society, and will most likely retreat to childlike behavior. Catatonic schizophrenia is defined as bizarre motor behavior. Santrock describes an individual as being “waxy flexible” in a catatonic state; if a person’s arm is raised and then released, that arm will stay in the new position (2005). Paranoid schizophrenia is the most common type of schizophrenia and is defined by delusions of reference, grandeur, and persecution. At most times, those who suffer from this type experience...
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