Wal-Mart is one of the largest corporations and private employers in the United States, and one of the most admired companies in America as reported by Fortune Magazine (â€śFortune 500â€ť, 2012). Netting billions of dollars in profits each year, there are not many other retailers who can compete with them. They give millions back in donations to non-profit companies around the country each year, yet put mom-and-pop establishments out of business each time they build a new store. They have been recognized for outstanding achievements in employee and community relations, yet have been charged with gender discrimination lawsuits. There is a definite line of ethics and crossculturalperspectives to be examined in this essay.
Wal-Mart has been known around the world as a company that offers discounted merchandise to their customers to help them save money. Sam Walton founded Wal-Mart in 1962, and built his franchise on respect, great values and great customer service (â€śSam Waltonâ€ť, 2012). It did not matter if you were a vendor or a janitor; you were treated with the same respect. After opening the first Wal-Mart in Rogers, Arkansas, the company quickly grew, and eventually spread throughout the United States. Today, Wal-Mart has over 8500 department stores in 15 countries ("Wal-Martâ€™s...
...Death in crossculturalperspectives
Death is inevitable part of human experience, which is often associated with fear of unknown, separation, and spiritual connection. Death is an individual experience, which is based on unique perceptions and beliefs. Fear of death and dying seems to be a universal phenomenon, which is closely associated with apprehension and uneasiness. Death is allied with permanent loss, thus personal experiences of grief are similar in many different cultures. There are different mourning ceremonies, traditions, and behaviors to express grief, but the concept of permanent loss remains unchanged in crosscultural setting. With this paper I will identify cross-culturalperspectives on death and dying, and will analyze multiple beliefs relating to death phenomenon. Furthermore I will identify different cultural mourning ceremonies and will analyze their impact on grieving process and coping mechanisms.
Death is a universal phenomenon, but individual responses to death vary widely from culture to culture. In effort to explain the concept of death, many different cultures bring a significant symbolic meaning to the dying process in terms of rituals, ceremonies, and bereavement practices. Grieving and funeral rituals vary greatly across cultures and, in most cases, are associated with religious practices and beliefs. People tend...
MAy 12, 2014
When an organization goes global, there are new social and ethical issues that arise. A company like Wal-Mart is no different. Wal-Mart is considered a retail giant and one of the largest companies in the world. It has grown as a staple in America as well as on an international platform, touching base in countries such as Japan and China. Wal-Mart is the largest retailer and the largest company in the history of the world in the way it conducts business operations. Wal-Mart management has implemented ways to overcome the challenges the present the ethical and social responsibilities with regard to globalization. The author will breakdown how the organization deals with ethical perspectives within this global icon.
Wal-Mart is known around the world as a company that offers discounted merchandise to its customers to help them save money. The organization was built on values and moral and itsâ€™ own unique corporate culture. One of the key elements to all of the rules of Wal-Mart is respect for everyone, customers, suppliers, and associates. Wal-Mart was founded by Sam Walton in 1962 and he would encourage the associates of the company to follow the 10 foot rule, which is whenever an associate comes within 10 feet of a customer they would smile, greet...
...Biological Perspective & Schizophrenia
Q. Does the Biological perspective in abnormal psychology make other perspectives obsolete? Answer with reference to one mental disorder of your choice. (35% of total module marks).
Psychologists have been trying to understand mental illnesses, and many years ago, the biological perspective was the most popular due to its scientific nature. Schizophrenia â€“ a chronic condition whereby patients lose touch with reality â€“ was best explained by the Dopamine Hypothesis for example. However, recent progression in Schizophrenia research emphasizes the importance of non-biological factors as well, such as environmental stressors. Thus a Diathesis-Stress model is generally accepted by many today.
Schizophrenia is seen as a disease caused by the over-activity of dopamine receptors in the mesolimbic pathway i.e. the Dopamine Hypothesis (Richard Hall, 1998).This consequently increases the levels of dopamine in our brains, said to cause hallucinations and delusions in patients. To prove this, amphetamines (drugs that increase dopamine levels in the brain) were administered to rats in small dosages Randrup et al. (1966), which produced rotational behaviour â€“ said to be associated with hallucinations. PET brain scans further showed that dopamine levels had infact increased. The main critism facing the conclusions of such studies is...
ETH/316 Version 1
July 4, 2011
Wal-Martâ€™s international operations were a major struggle for the company, collimating in its demise of Wal-Mart in Germany and South Korea. Because Wal-Mart executives did not understand, the cultural differenced between countries they foundered in many countries to the point that they could not rebound in the minds of the local population. When Wal-Mart moved into other countries, they did not take into consideration that the living space for families in these countries are smaller, so large volume products are not practical because of the smaller storage spaces. In addition, many shoppers do not drive, but use public transportation, which makes transporting large volumes of products impossible. To add to the cultural differences, many non-American shoppers prefer daily outings to a variety of local stores that specialize in groceries, drugs or household goods, rather than shopping once a week at Wal-Mart (Landler & Barbaro, 2006). However, these are just a few cultural differences ignored by Wal-Mart in its international operations. In the following paragraphs, additional problems Wal-Mart faced with the differences in German culture and Asian culture to American culture.
When Wal-Mart moved into Germany, they tried to run the...
The Coca Cola Company
The Coca Cola Company, the worldâ€™s largest multinational beverage manufacturer and corporation, operates bottling plants and sells its products in more than 200 countries across the globe (The Coca Cola Company, 2014). Coca Colaâ€™s massive global presence requires the organization to understand the different cultures of its many host countries; the laws within each country; and the business norms, styles, as well as practices of each country it conducts business operations in.
The company has developed and implemented numerous policies, regulations, and guidelines for its suppliers, operation management, and employees in its various host countries. But, all of this detailed undertaking to address transparencies in the corporationâ€™s supply chains throughout the world did not stop its El Salvadoran bottling and manufacturing plantâ€™s management from purchasing refined sugar from a mill which used child labor. According to Human Rights Watch (HRW), up to one third of the workers on El Salvadorâ€™s sugarcane plantations are under the age of 18, with many starting to work in the fields between the ages of eight and eleven (HRW, 2004). Even though, the national and international child labor authorities prohibit minors under the age of 18 from performing hazardous or harmful work, plantation owners define these young children and teenagers who work with their...
Wal-Mart Cross Culture Perspectives
April 18, 2013
Wal-Mart Cross Culture Perspectives
Walton was the founder of the Worldâ€™s number one biggest company, according to Fortune 500. In 1950, along with his wife Helen, Sam Walton owned his first store. In 1962 Sam opened the very first Wal-Mart store in Rogers, Arkansas. Wal-Mart is one of the largest companies in the United States, but internally touching base in countries just as Japan, China, Mexico, Canada, Brazil, and India. Wal-Mart supercenters locate worldwide and make billions of dollars in profit wish is hard for other retail stores to compete with them. Wal-Mart is consider the largest retailer and largest company in the history of the world because of globalization and the way that Wal-Mart conducts business. Globalization has made Wal-Mart a multibillion dollar industry. In Japan sales average around $4.3 billion, in Mexico the annual sales is $20 billion, in Brazil sales are $8 billion dollars as Davis, 2008. Davis also points that in Canada Wal-Mart has established $11 billion business.
Wal-Mart internationally has had its struggle for the reason that executives did not understand the culture differences among countries. Once Wal-Mart open in other countries they did not reflect in the way families live. In Mexico, Germany, and South Korea they have different cultures comparing them to the United States. In...
...Cross-Culture Ethical Perspectives
Amanda Bravo, Mary Malone, Doneice Johnson, Jose Robledo, Kanosha Mitchell,
September 24, 2012
Cross-Culture Ethical Perspectives
Globalization is common in most large organizations as they thrive to maximize revenue and expand customer base by establishing operations in different countries and within different cultures. Consequently, these organizations have to consider culturalperspectives of the country in which that plan to operate. McDonaldâ€™s, established in 1954 by Ray Kroc in conjunction with the McDonalds brothers and with over 30,000 restaurants in more than 120 countries, is one of the worldâ€™s biggest fast food restaurant chains employing 1.7 million peopleâ€ť (McDonalds, 2010-2012). This organization is no different and has to face issues resulting from globalization such as dietary preferences or needs from culture to culture or country to country as well as religion as it relates to its advertising and such..
A good example of the aforementioned was faced in India where currently McDonaldâ€™s operates 123 restaurants (India Marks, 2011-2012). A large percentage of that population is Hindu or Muslim and Hindus do not eat beef and Muslims do not eat pork. With both types of meat being a large part of their menu, McDonaldâ€™s had to reconsider the menu and decided to adapt it by introducing...