...professor asks you on what axis diabetes would fall under. You answer:
A. Axis II.
B. Axis I.
C. Axis III.**
D. Axis V.
2. Brian often interrupts his teacher while she is speaking and frequently forgets to complete his homework assignments. He also has difficulty taking turns in playground games with classmates. Brian most clearly exhibits symptoms of:
A. obsessive-compulsive disorder.
C. attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.**
D. anxiety disorder.
3. Gena believes that people with psychological disorders are suffering from diseases that have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and sometimes even cured. Gena believes in the _____________ model of psychological disorders.
4. If you have an intense fear of speaking in public, eating out, or going to parties, you may be suffering from:
A. generalized anxiety disorder.
B. dysthymic disorder.
C. obsessive-compulsive disorder.
D. social phobia.**
5. Thirty-five-year-old Lucy needs to have her blood taken. She is so distraught by this that she must mentally prepare herself for it as well as take a short-acting sedative. Lucy seems to be suffering from a(n):
A. dissociative disorder.
A most rare and disturbing mental illness characterized as a disruption in cognition and emotion, which affects the way a person, analyzes him and society as a whole is known as schizophrenia. Many patients suffering from schizophrenia are emotionally disturbed, aggressive, and/or destructive to themselves, as well as others. In most cases schizophrenic disorders are severe conditions of disordered thoughts and communications, inappropriate emotions, and extremely bizarre behavior that lasts for months, years. (Branca, 454)
Schizophrenia is often misinterpreted and distinguished as a split personality, yet observers classify it as a hallucination or insanity state of mind. Because of schizophreniaâ€™s frightening symptoms, it has a debilitating effect on the lives of the people who suffer from it. Usually, patients have difficulty telling the difference between real and unreal experiences, logical and illogical thoughts, or appropriate and inappropriate behavior. It also impairs a personâ€™s ability to function at work and play. Also, regular constant hospitalization is required for precautionary hazard to oneself.
There seems to be not one single cause for schizophrenia, but rather a multiple of factors. Scientists believe that schizophrenia is a biological disease caused by genetic factors, an imbalance of chemicals in the brain, or...
...ď»żThe Causes and Effects of Schizophrenia In Children
Schizophrenia is one of the most severe mental illnesses that affects one to two percent of people worldwide. The disorder more commonly affects people between the ages of 16 and 25, though it is very rare schizophrenia can develop at a very young age. Even though the causes of schizophrenia are still unknown, perinatal viral infections, traumatic events and substance abuse can be some of the leading factors when diagnosing someone with the illness. Due to schizophreniaâ€™s highly disruptive delusions and disorganized thought patterns, it affects the way the person perceives the world making it next to impossible to live a normal life. As there is no single cause of schizophrenia treatments mainly focus on eliminating the symptoms leading up to the disease, such as: antipsychotic medication and various psychological treatments. Given the complexity of schizophrenia there isnâ€™t just one main cause, therefore the effects and treatments differ from patient to patient.
The causes of schizophrenia have been the subject of debate, with various factors as to what might cause the disease. Since there is no definitive answer as to what triggers schizophrenia there has been reason to believe that many different elements are known to lead to it. Viruses have been known to induce...
...Health. Each sister was diagnosed with schizophrenia at different ages and each case of schizophrenia is at different levels of severity. Nora, the oldest, is sometimes identified as the brightest of the four girls, was hospitalized at age 22 and never lived independently for an extended period of time. Iris, the second sister, spent 12 years in a psychiatric hospital starting at the age of 22. Myra, the third sister, is the only one to marry and have children. She did not experience delusions or hallucinations until she was in her forties, so it is questioned if she has schizoaffective disorder (Schizoaffective disorder is a condition in which a person experiences a combination of schizophrenia symptoms such as hallucinations or delusions and of mood disorder symptoms, such as depression) or if she has schizophrenia like the rest of her sisters. Hester, the youngest sister, is the most severely ill. She was taken out of school in the eleventh grade and never worked outside the home.
There are many factors that could explain why each sister has a different level of severity of schizophrenia. One of the factors includes the treatment of the children when they were younger. Since they were identical they shared the same genes, explaining why they all were diagnosed with schizophrenia, because the odds of being diagnosed with schizophrenia if a sibling already has it is...
...disorder known as Schizophrenia. This disorder contains many symptoms and can appear during any stage of life. You will find how long this disorder has existed and how patients with this disorder deal with the symptoms. Schizophrenia is not a terribly common disease but it can be a serious and chronic one. Worldwide about 1 percent of the population is diagnosed with schizophrenia, and approximately 1.2% of Americans (3.2 million) have the disorder.
Schizophrenia is a chronic brain disorder that affects the way a person acts, thinks, and sees the world. Their perception of reality is somewhat shattered and can often lead to a loss of contact with reality. Victims of this disease often see or hear things that arenâ€™t there, speak in strange ways, believe that someone could be out to harm them, or feel like they are being watched/ followed. As a result, schizophrenia makes it difficult to manage everyday life. Many people suffering may withdraw for the outside world or act out in confusion and fear. Schizophrenia tends to be more severe in men than in women and the earlier it is seen, the more severe it is in the future.
No one knows how long schizophrenia has been around but it is said that the disease has been around since the late middle ages, yet no one is clear when it was first discovered. Records from the ancient world are sketchy because the mental...
...Common misconceptions about schizophrenia
MYTH: Schizophrenia refers to a "split personality" or multiple personalities.
FACT: Multiple personality disorder is a different and much less common disorder than schizophrenia. People with schizophrenia do not have split personalities. Rather, they are â€śsplit offâ€ť from reality.
MYTH: Schizophrenia is a rare condition.
FACT: Schizophrenia is not rare; the lifetime risk of developing schizophrenia is widely accepted to be around 1 in 100.
MYTH: People with schizophrenia are dangerous.
FACT: Although the delusional thoughts and hallucinations of schizophrenia sometimes lead to violent behavior, most people with schizophrenia are neither violent nor a danger to others.
MYTH: People with schizophrenia canâ€™t be helped.
FACT: While long-term treatment may be required, the outlook for schizophrenia is not hopeless. When treated properly, many people with schizophrenia are able to enjoy life and function within their families and communities.
Early warning signs of schizophrenia
In some people, schizophrenia appears suddenly and without warning. But for most, it comes on slowly, with subtle warning signs and a gradual decline in functioning long before the first severe episode. Many friends and family members of people...
Most people go about their day without worrying about how difficult seemingly simple tasks can be. However, some people in this world canâ€™t do things like watch television, talk on the phone, or converse with co-workers without professional help. Approximately 54 million Americans suffer from some sort of mental illness per year and a very few of those suffer from a chronic, severe disorder called schizophrenia. Experts are not sure on the exact causes of schizophrenia. Many say it is a mixture of genes and environment. What is known for sure are the signs and symptoms of schizophrenia.
The most common positive symptoms are hallucinations, delusions, dysfunctional thinking, and some movement disorders. Hallucinations are things a person sees, feels, smells, or hears that are not really there. The most common hallucinations are â€śvoicesâ€ť the sufferer hears. Those voices talk to the person and usually tell them what to do or tell them they are in danger. Sometimes, if there are multiple voices, they talk to each other as well. Delusions are false beliefs that are abnormal to their culture and lifestyle. Sufferers commonly believe people are trying to control or hurt them.
Negative symptoms are hard to recognize as schizophrenia and are often mistaken for symptoms of other disorders. Those are the â€śflax affectâ€ť, lack of pleasure in everyday life, reduced ability to start...
...the issue of the measurement of depression with those who have a primary diagnosis of schizophrenia. Originally the concept of depression as a core aspect of schizophrenia was raised by Bleuler and that affective disorders are associated with psychosis raised by Kraepelin. The construct of depression within the context of schizophrenia as a distinct condition that constitutes an apparent shift from the individual's usual cognitive style, affect and functioning, is an observation that has been relatively recently highlighted. In individuals with a primary diagnosis of schizophrenia comorbid depression can be a factor in risk of suicide, impaired level of functioning, and higher rates of relapse or rehospitalization. The assessment of depression in this population creates many challenges in relation to the differentiation of this condition within the complex presentation of schizophrenia. The depression literature may refer to: (i) depressed affect; (ii) depression as a symptom isolated from the wider signs of depressive illness; and (iii) depression as a syndrome with all the facets required for a formal diagnosis. This review considers the literature in relation to the measurement of depression in people with a primary diagnosis of schizophrenia and assesses the psychometric properties of those measures with this population.