...Schizophrenia, Psychosis, and LifespanDevelopment
October 8, 2012
Schizophrenia, Psychosis, and LifespanDevelopment
Humans go through different developmental stages in their lifespan. As is stage occurs, an individualâ€™s development becomes more mature. Through the four stages (infancy, childhood, adolescence, and adulthood) there are certain elements in which the individual has to master before mentally moving on to the next stage. If something abnormal happens during one of the stages the likely outcome is mental disorders such as psychosis or schizophrenia. There are biological, cognitive, and behavioral component the confusing disorders. Society has been disillusioned and undereducated by what schizophrenia actually is and how it can be treated.
Psychosis and schizophrenia are mental disorders that research has said to be abnormalities in brain function or abnormalities in the neurotransmission of the brain (Hansell & Damour, 2008). Psychosis is a symptom that involves â€śloss of contact with normal realityâ€ť (Hansell & Damour, 2008, p. 459). Schizophrenia is the most frequent place in which psychosis is present. Schizophrenia is a frightening disorder, but it is also a disorder...
...Schizophrenia and Psychosis and Life Span Development
University of Phoenix
October 20, 2008
Schizophrenia translates as split mind and the psychological changes can be so profound that the affected individual is thrust into a world that bears little resemblance to everyday experience. The person with schizophrenia lives in an internal world marked by thought processes that have gone awry; delusions, hallucinations, and generally disordered thinking become the norm.
Hansell and Damour (2005) states:
Psychosis is a state of being profoundly out of touch with reality. Psychotic individuals may experience hallucinations and/ or delusions (p.393). Psychosis can occur in many mental disorders, and is most frequently associated with schizophrenia (p.398).
Hansell and Damour (2005) also states:
The effort to define what constitutes psychological normality and abnormality in developing children has given a rise to field within abnormal psychology known as developmental psychopathology which aims to "understand troublesome behavior in light of the developmental tasks, sequences, and processes that characterize human growth" (p.438).
Define Major DSM-IV-TR Categories
"Schizophrenia is actually a group or class of disorders. There are different subtypes of schizophrenia, defined...
December 1st, 2012
Table of Contents:
1. Cover page (1)
2. Table of Contents (2)
3. Introduction (3)
4. Body Paragraph 1: History of Schizophrenia (4)
5. Body Paragraph 2: Symptoms/ Hallucinations (4-5)
6. Body Paragraph 3: Biological Theories/Brain (5-7)
7. Body Paragraph 4: Genetics/ Relatives (7-8)
8. Body Paragraph 5: Environmental and Cultural Contributions (8-9)
9. Body Paragraph 6: Treatment Plan (9-10)
10. Conclusion (10)
11. Work Cited (11)
Page Number: ( )
According to World Health Organization schizophrenia is listed as the second highest contributor to overall burden of diseases. Schizophrenia is one of the most tragic diseases a human being can be afflicted with. The disorder involves disturbances in perception, thought, behavior, language, emotion and communication. The onset of symptoms begins most commonly in people who fall in the category of late teens to early twenties. In the United States alone one half to two and a half percent of the population are diagnosed with schizophrenia. Numerous studies have found,
â€śthe rate of schizophrenia to be higher among economically impoverished groups, which may reflect the effect of poverty on people vulnerable to the illness or the fact that individuals with schizophrenia...
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that generally appears in late adolescence or early adulthood - however, it can emerge at any time in life. It is one of many brain diseases that may include delusions, loss of personality (flat affect), confusion, agitation, social withdrawal, psychosis, and bizarre behavior.
Individuals with schizophrenia may hear voices that are not there. Some may be convinced that others are reading their minds, controlling how they think, or plotting against them. This can distress patients severely and persistently, making them withdrawn and frantic.
Others may find it hard to make sense of what a person with schizophrenia is talking about. In some cases, the individual may spend hours completely still, without talking. On other occasions he or she may seem fine, until they start explaining what they are truly thinking.
Schizophrenia does not only affect the person with the disorder. Families, friends and society are affected too. A sizeable proportion of people with schizophrenia have to rely on others, because they are unable to hold a job or care for themselves.
The wordÂ schizophreniaÂ comes from the Greek wordÂ skhizeinÂ meaning "to split" and the Greek wordÂ Phrenos (phren)Â meaning "diaphragm, heart, mind".
Signs and Symptoms
DelusionsÂ - The patient has false beliefs of persecution, guilt of...
During the 1950s, mentally disordered people who were harmful to society
and themselves could be treated with medications and were able to return safely
to their communities. During the 1980s, the cost of health care increased more
than any other cost in our national economy. As a result, strategic planning
has been made to reduce costs. "The political decision made to
deinstitutionalize chronic mental patients started with the appearance of
phenothiazine medications. Dramatically reducing the instability influenced by
psychosis, these medications were of great significance to many individuals with
serious mental disorders. At both the state and federal levels, legislators
looked at the high cost of long-term psychiatric hospitalization. Social
scientists guaranteed them that community-based care would be in the best
interests of all concerned: the mentally ill and the general, tax-paying public
(Barry 13)." It was believed that a social breakdown syndrome would develop in
chronically mentally ill persons who were institutionalized. The
characteristics of this syndrome were submission to authority, withdrawal, lack
of initiative, and excessive dependence on the institution.
While deinstitutionalization was kindhearted in its primary logic, the
actual execution of the concept has been greatly undermined by the lack of good
community alternatives. At this time a large amount of the individuals using
...SchizophreniaSchizophrenia is an extremely puzzling condition, the most chronic and disabling of the major mental illnesses. Approximately one percent of the population develops schizophrenia during their lives. With the sudden onset of severe psychotic symptoms, the individual is said to be experiencing acute schizophrenia. Psychotic means out of touch with reality, or unable to separate real from unreal experiences.
Schizophrenia is a disorder characterized by loss of touch with reality, thought disorders, delusions, hallucination, and affective disorder. Two psychiatrists came up with two-different concept of schizophrenia. One of the psychiatrists was Emil Kraepelin. He came up with the theory of dementia praecox. Two major aspects of the disorder is a early onset and a progressive intellectual deterioration. He presented this concept in 1898 as "The Diagnosis and Pronosis of Dementia Praecox." Eugene Bleuler another psychiatrists took the definition further. From 1885 to 1897 he worked as a professor of psychiatry at the University of Zurich. His views were the opposite from Kraepelin theory. He believed that the disorder did not necessarily have an early onset and that it did not inevitably progress toward dementia. The differences between Kraepelin and Bleuler:
Kraepelin writings then fostered a narrow definition of schizophrenia and an emphasis on...
Child schizophrenia, like other psychopathologies has many documented, and
several uncertain causes. Some scientists have evidence that pregnant mothers
have experienced an immune reaction that present dangers to the unborn child.
Schizophrenia is a disorder where the body=s immune system attacks itself.
Schizophrenia is not present at birth but develops during the adolescence period
or young adulthood. ASchizophrenia is a biological brain disease affecting
thinking, perception, mood, and behaviour. Its exact cause is unknown but
overwhelming evidence points to faulty chemistry or structural abnormalities in
the brain. In some cases schizophrenia is generic. Schizophrenia strikes one
in 100 people at some point in his/her lifetime.@ (Compiled by Ontario Friends
of Schizophrenia, Oct 94).
Schizophrenia worsens and becomes better in cycles, also known as relapses and
remission. People who are suffering from schizophrenia look relatively normal.
Schizophrenics suffer from such symptoms as: delusions, hallucinations, and
thought disorders. Delusions are false beliefs that aren=t based on reality.
Schizophrenics may believe that someone is following them, or planning to harm
them. Schizophrenics believe that others can hear their thoughts , also known
as Abroadcasting@ and even change them. A...hear their thoughts, insert...
Schizophrenia is known to be a very destructive illness to the victims of the disorderliness and their families. The illness is a mystery to most people because of lack of knowledge and very little research. The symptoms of the illness usually become apparent in its victims shortly after a person finishes high school and increases in severity throughout adulthood. Schizophrenia shows itself in many forms and at the same time it has predictable symptoms and destructive progressions. Past interpretations of this illness causes the person inflicted to live under a stigma. This stigma is widely due to the illness being misunderstood by most. Life is generally hard for most people living with Schizophrenia but understanding and support from family and friends in addition to medication sufferers can live a happy life.
The word â€śschizophreniaâ€ť is Greek in origin. It comes from the word â€śschizoâ€ť meaning splitting and â€śphreniaâ€ť meaning mind. This causes the illness of Schizophrenia to be misinterpreted and misunderstood because one could link it to split-personality disorders. (Tartakovsky 2010) Schizophrenia affects about 1% of the worldâ€™s population and doesnâ€™t discriminate from any culture, nationality, sex or economic background. Symptoms commonly start to appear sometime between the ages of 16 and 30....