Symptoms and diagnostics part 1
Schizophrenia is often characterized by intensive cognition and emotional tests by a psychiatrist. It has an impact on the humanistic impute such as language, affection, perception, thought and sense of oneself. But symptoms can vary widely in severity, can come and go or be persistent. For those who experience symptoms that are mild can a first sign be withdrawal. In symptoms surrounding Schizophrenia it usually falls into one or more categories. Positive symptoms are those disturbing the normal functions like delusions, hallucinations and disorganized thoughts and behaviours. Negative symptoms are those that decreases your normal function often poor eye contact, little or no emotional response, less talking, reduced motivation and decreased pleasure, lack in social relationships and activities. Cognition impairment includes having a hard time concentration and problem solving. Emotional symptoms, like deeply depressed or inappropriate behaviours. To diagnosing Schizophrenia involves observing a persons actions and way of thinking, According to DSM-IV the requirements for diagnosing schizophrenia, no symptom alone can diagnose a patient. Two or more positive symptoms or signs has do be shown over a period of a month. In diagnosing a patient you look for delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, catatonic behaviour and negative/positive symptoms of Schizophrenia. Delusions could be paranoid delusions (someone is out to get you), delusions of reference when things in their surroundings are communicating with them like the TV or radio is talking or sending messages to you, somatic delusions witch is when the person thinks he has a physical illness or that something is in your body, when its not, delusions of grandeur could be that a patient beliefs that he has special powers. Hallucinations for schizophrenia patients could be visual, auditory, tactile, olfactory or gustatory. Disorganized speech, worlds or sentences without meaning.
Drug treatment of Schizophrenia part 2
When it comes to Schizophrenia medications, antipsychotic medications are proven to have positive effect in reducing the risk of future psychotic episodes. Treatment of Schizophrenia has two main phases an acute phase, where higher dosage might be essential in order to treat psychotic symptoms, followed by a maintenance phase, which often is the a life long treatment. During this phase dosage is step-by-step reduced to the minimum required dosage to prevent more episodes. If symptoms re-emerge a temporary increase in dosage may help to forestall a relapse. The second generation of drugs is used to suppress symptoms by blocking dopamine D2 receptors it’s the main treatment for schizophrenia. Classical antipsychotics medications are Thorazine, Fluanxol, Clozapine and Haloperidol is effective in reducing suppressing positive symptoms. Newer medication such as Risperdal, and aripiprazole Antipsychotics-risperidone, olanzapine , quetiapine, ziprasidone and aripiprazole (second generation) is used to day because the side effects of the first generation lead to severe motor side-effects like uncontrolled tongue or mouth twitches. For people whom these antipsychotic drugs doesn’t work for, clozapine usually does. Although the risk of a serious drop in infection-fighting white blood cells is a possible outcome. Antidepressants are recommended for those with Schizophrenia by reducing the symptoms of depression side by side with cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) or life skills therapy can help with coping with distress and negative affect associated with psychotic symptoms usually used side
Therapy and skills training in managing schizophrenia part 3
The modern time that we live in has had over millions of millions of schizophrenia victims. The mental dieses that carry on true out our time with out a cure, we cant cure it but we can suppress it and that’s what psychologist does today...