This paper will provide a history of schizophrenia, case study, genetics and treatments, and criteria of this disorder. Schizophrenia facts about this disorder are, probable causes, and its symptoms. This will give the reader a brief description of historical overview; which discusses how schizophrenia came to be identified as a unique illness. The views of psychiatrists pivotal to making this identification are described. The paper then goes on to discuss how effective treatment for schizophrenia and delineates how the notion of what should be constitute effective treatment that has changed over the years. The paper also explores various medications that were used to treat the condition.
Introduction of the Disorder
If you ever met anyone with Schizophrenia you find that it is an extremely puzzling condition, the most chronic and disabling of the major mental illnesses. In my readings and research about one percent (approximately) of the population develops schizophrenia during their lives. With the sudden onset of severe psychotic symptoms, the individual is said to be experiencing acute schizophrenia. What does Psychotic really mean, first is a person out of touch with reality, or unable to separate real from unreal experiences. Schizophrenia is a disorder characterized by loss of touch with reality, thought disorders, delusions, hallucination, and affective disorder. Schizophrenia is my disorder of choice as it is a severe, chronic, and often disabling brain disease. While the term Schizophrenia literally means, "split mind," it should not be confused with a "split," or multiple, personality. It is more accurately described as a psychosis a type of illness that causes severe mental disturbances that disrupt normal thought, speech, and behavior. The first signs of schizophrenia usually appear as shocking or radical changes in behavior. Others may have severe psychotic symptoms listed above. But many people also show "negative" symptoms (Durand, Barlow, 2007), such as decreased emotional arousal, mental activity, and inability to socialize. Many Psychiatrists often mentioned that Schizophrenics often report a sense of strangeness and confusion about the source of their sensations. They feel great loneliness, anxiety, and an overwhelming sense of being disconnected from others. (Guy, Johnson, 2006) Having a conversation with a schizophrenic person may be very frustrating as they will think and communicate incoherently, jumping from one idea mixing a "disorganized speech” (Durand, Barlow, 2007). It is common for schizophrenics to be very suspicious and paranoid and they will protect their belongings as noted on page 479 of our text Essentials of Abnormal Psychology (Durand, Barlow, 2007). They may sense that their thoughts are stolen, broadcast aloud, or replaced by new information from strangers seeking to control their behavior. They may describe voices that speak directly to them or criticize their behavior. Background on Schizophrenia
In the early 19th Century a German Psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin in 1899 added to John Haslam, Phillippe Pinel and Benedict Morel that gave us today the description and categorization of Schizophrenia (Durand, Barlow, 2007). Kraepelin's notions were found in the ideas of Swiss psychiatrist Eugene Bleuler. According Bleuler (Durand, Barlow, 2007), the man who actually coined the term schizophrenia, stated that the illness did not necessarily lead to deterioration over time, but the splitting of the mind. In his discussion of the history of schizophrenia and its treatment stated that the real work on the identification of schizophrenia as a unique condition began with German psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin who combined all the symptoms under a single diagnosis, calling the condition "dementia praecox" which meant dementia in the early years of life. Kraepelin observed that older people with dementia exhibited emotional dullness, loss of inner unity and that they would...