Millions and millions of people have been, and are, plagued by some type of mental disorder. There are many types of disorders such as mood disorders, anxiety disorders, personality disorders, and substance-related disorders. The mental disorders can range from minor cases to very strong, extreme cases. Two mental disorders that deal with the shifting of a human's personality and character are schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
Schizophrenia is a mental illness that is characterized by the persistent defects in the perception of one's reality, but the disorder mainly affects cognition. Schizophrenia translates from Greek to mean, roughly, shattered mind. Popular culture confuses schizophrenia with dissociative identity disorder (also known as multiple personality disorder/ split personality), when in all actuality; they are not the same things. This mental disorder tends to begin in a person in their late teenage years or early adulthood and normally in withdrawn, seclusive individuals. Women usually will show signs of schizophrenia later than males. The symptoms are things like disturbances of perception, disturbances of thought, and most frequently appearing as visual or aural hallucinations.
Bipolar disorder is also known as manic-depressive illness and is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in a person's mood, energy, and ability to function. Bipolar disorder is different from the normal ups and downs of life that every person goes through because the symptoms of bipolar disorder are much more severe than a moment of distress. The symptoms of someone who is bipolar can result in damaged relationships, poor job or school performance, and even in extreme cases suicide. Bipolar disorder typically develops in late adolescence or early adulthood. However, some of the people that possess it have their first symptoms during childhood, and then some develop them late in life. Bipolar disorder is often not recognized as an illness,...
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