Schizophrenia

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Discuss the psychological explanations for schizophrenia.

Psychodynamic approach is one of the main psychological explanations of schizophrenia. It suggests that schizophrenics dont have the control over the ego part, hence unable to distinguish the internal and external world. Ego’s job is to balance the animalistic part (id) and the moral restrictions of the superego. Freud believed that schizophrenia was the result of regression into the early stage of development (particularly if there is a cold, rejecting ‘schizogenic’ mother). Which can cause weak and fragile ego so when the individual facing with the stressors later in life, the id’s desire will control of the personality where the individual will become completely lose contact with the reality. They regress to a state of ‘primary narcissimsm’, have the symptoms of thought disorder and believe that the hallucinations are experienced in order to regain the contact with reality. The limitation of the psychodynamic explanation is that this is completely based on assumptions rather having any scientific test to prove that the person is suffering from schizophrenia. Another critism to this explanation is that it accused the care giver (mother) are responsible for the disorder in the child. Eventhough, researches have shown that many schizophrenic parents are supportive and caring, which challenge the main idea of this explanation. Despite there are some therapies to treat the disorder based on psychodynamic psychology, it has been claimed to be unsuccesful. Some psychologists suggest that dysfuntional family relationship may play a role in schizophrenia. This behavioural explanation to disorder believe that schizophrenia is caused by the dysfunction of communication within the family, where the potential sufferers are not reinforce by the positive behaviour, family has high emotional tension, many secrets and close alliences. The suffers may develop less socially acceptable behaviours instead (the beginning...
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