Schein Culture Summary

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  Organizations
 are
 different,
 they
 differ
 in:
 
 

Summary
 Lecture
 7
 

 
 

  The
 Differences
 between
 the
 private
 and
 the
 public
 sector
 

 
 
 
  What
 are
 Social
 Enterprise
 Organizations?
 
  1. Found
 as
 a
 response
 to
 social
 and/or
 environmental
 problems
  2. Promote
 the
 well-­‐being
 of
 the
 society
 à
 social
 purpose
  3. Non-­‐Profit-­‐Organizations;
 Charities;
 Fonds
 etc.
 
  Examples:
 A
 Click
 for
 the
 Forest;
 the
 Eden
 Project;
 KONI
 
 
 
 
 
 

• • • • •



 
  Diversity
 in
 Organizations
 can
 occur
 in
 multiple
 factors,
 e.g.:
 
  • Ethnic
 origin
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Family
 Status
  • Education
  • Socio-­‐Cultural
 Background
  • Religion
  • Work
 experience
  • Income
 
 
 
  The
 Positive
 and
 Negative
 Forces
 of
 Diversity
 
  Positive:
 
  • Increase
 employee
 satisfaction
  • Promote
 cost-­‐effective
 employment
 relations
  • Enhance
 customer
 relations
  • Enhance
 creativity
 and
 innovativeness
 
  • Promote
 sustainable
 development
 
  Negative:
 
  • Kill
 workplace
 harmony
  • Diminish
 the
 sense
 of
 identity
  • Need
 for
 financial
 support
 to
 promote
 flexibility
  • Resistance
 to
 change
 
 
 
  Contradictions
 of
 Culture
 
  Stay
 stable
 over
 time
 
 Evolve
 over
 time
  Reinforce
 holistic
 behavior
 
 often
 tolerate
 fragmented
 behavior
  Exhibit
 defining
 characteristics
 of
 members
 
 can
 exhibit
 numerous
 exceptions
 to
  characteristics
  Help
 explain
 the
 past
 &
 current
 behavior
 
 my
 not
 always
 help
 to
 explain
 future
 behavior
  Highlight
 key
 characteristics
 of
 predominant
 group
 
 often
 mask
 subcultures
 
 
  Contradictions
 of
 Leadership
 
  We
 need
 transformational
 leaders
 
 We
 need
 transactional
 leaders
  Depending
 on
 the
 need
 of
 the
 people:
 either
 they
 seek
 extraordinary
 visions
 or
 tend
 to
 follow
  traditional
 approaches
 


 
 
 
 
  Schein’s
 Suggested
 Assumptions
 for
 Learning
 Culture
 
  1. diverse
 but
 connected
 units
 are
 desirable
  2. the
 world
 itself
 is
 intrinsically
 complex
 connected
 by
 diverse
 forces;
 therefore
 linear
 and
  simple
 causes
 are
 rare
 in
 the
 first
 place
  3. in
 order
 to
 promote
 willingness
 to
 learn
 in
 an
 organization,
 leaders
 become
  learners
 themselves.
 
 
 
 
 

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