Social Care or Children’s and Young People’s
1. Explain what is meant by:
Mean by Diversity the differences between individuals and groups in society arising from gender, ethnic origins, social, cultural or religious background, family structure, disabilities, sexuality and appearance. Our society is made up of people with a wide range of characteristics. Where people vary in a multitude of ways, including in their age, sex, sexual orientation, physical characteristics such as height, weight and skin colour, ability, personal experiences and personal attributes, such as beliefs, values and preferences
Diversity contributes strength to a community but sadly it is often perceived as a problem. Is good to help children to see diversity in a positive way. And always remember that every child is Unique. Mean by Equality. Is about treating people fairly, regardless of their differences, by ensuring that they have access to the same life opportunities as everyone else, i.e. that they have equal opportunities.
Each individual in society experiences opportunities to achieve and flourish, which are good as the opportunities experienced by other people and to be treated with equal concern so they are able to progress along the pathway of development and learning. To promote the positive aspects of diversity and to offer children equal chances in life, all setting for children should work towards
You read above that having our individual differences acknowledged and understood helps us to develop a sense of belonging, or inclusion; and that disadvantaging people because they are different in some way leads to their becoming excluded. It follows, then, that inclusion is about accepting everyone, regardless of difference. It is also about getting rid of intolerance of differences and providing help and support where appropriate.
Why inclusion? Because any Organisation or institution, including local authorities, health service providers, educational establishments, the police service, voluntary organisations and workplaces,
2. Describe the potential effects of discrimination.
Effects may include effects on:
• the individual
• families or friends of the individual
• those who inflict discrimination
• wider society.
A prejudice is an attitude or way of thinking based on an unfounded, unreasonable pre-judgement of an individual, particular group of people or situation, rather than on a factual assessment. Prejudices can be positive or negative. If we are positively prejudiced towards someone, we think well of them. On the other hand, if we are negatively prejudiced against someone, we tolerate them less. In the main, negative prejudices develop against people who are different in some way. Discrimination happens when we act out our negative prejudices. Discriminatory behaviour results in unfair, unjust treatment. The people most likely to be discriminated against are those who are different in respect of their:
Age. Age discrimination, or ageism, isn’t only targeted at elderly people – youngsters can also be on the receiving end of bullying, harassment and undeserved criticism.
Sex. Men and women continue to be treated unfairly in certain walks of life, in particular in the workplace. Discrimination based on sex is known as sexism.
Nationality, ethnic background, religion. Some people consider themselves superior to those from different backgrounds and faiths. The victimisation, or bullying or harassment of people for such reasons is known as racism.
Ability. Barriers that prevent disabled people from accessing the same opportunities as able-bodied people and the ignorant acting out of negative prejudices against physically or intellectually disabled people, for example through name-calling and damage of their property, is known as disablism.
Size. Some of us are guilty of judging...