Definition of scanning.
Scanning is the technique that someone used in reading and understanding text to get an overview about it as a whole. It is also a form of high speed reading technique where you do not have to read all the text. Someone will use this technique to find required or important information. The main points of the text will be excerpt while the details and the examples will be skipped. In other words, someone is trying to find the gist of the text which they actually want from the text. Sometimes, scanning will be done when someone really know what kind of the information that they need for and material that they actually know about it.
Suitable time to use scanning.
Scanning usually used when we are trying to find for important information such as the answer for provided questions. Besides answering questions, we can always use scanning when we are looking for numbers in phone directory also find the television programs that we want to watch in the newspaper. Scanning also can be used to find the meaning of a word in the dictionary, looking at schedules, charts, tables, or the classified advertisements.
Role of teacher.
Teacher should know their role in conducting students to scan when reading. Teacher must explain to their student the scanning technique and how to do it in the class. Teachers have the responsibility to choose the suitable text which has topic and subtopic. Students must be given a required time for them to scan the topic and subtopics and several of the words so that they can have the main ideas about the text. Teachers can let their students to work in pairs so that they can help each other and compare their findings. For every text, teacher must ask the students to scan again so that they can find any further information.
Role of students.
Students must activate their prior knowledge when they were reading the texts to develop their understanding and interest... [continues]
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