What is a SAVANNA BIOME?
* Savanna is a rolling grassland scattered with shrubs and isolated trees. Not enough rain falls on a savanna to support forests. Savannas are also known as tropical grasslands.
What is the CLIMATE in a Savanna?
* The Savanna biome has a wet/dry climate. Its Köppen climate group is Aw. The A stands for a tropical climate, and the w for a dry season in the winter. * In the wet season, all of the plants are lush and the rivers flow freely. The animals migrate back to graze. * During the distinct dry season of a savanna, most of the plants shrivel up and die. Some rivers and streams dry up. Most of the animals migrate to find food.
What is the TEMPERATURE in a Savanna?
* The savanna climate has a temperature range of 20° - 30° C (68° to 86° F). * In the winter, it is usually about 20° - 25° C (68° to 78° F). * In the summer the temperature ranges from 25° - 30° C (78° to 86° F).
* There is an annual precipitation of 10 to 30 inches (100 to 150 cm) of rain. From December to February hardly any rain falls at all.
Where can we find a SAVANNA?
* On a global scale, the savanna biome is found in a transitional zone located between the tropical rainforest and desert.
In what countries can we find Savannas?
* East Africa
* South America
What PLANTS can we find in a Savanna?
* Acacia - (majority) can live through long periods of drought. They tend to grow in sandy places where there is only between 12 to 15 inches of rain a year. The acacia provides shade and shelter for the animals of the savanna. * Bermuda Grass - a creeping grass, and will creep along the ground and root where ever a node touches the ground, forming a dense mat. It also reproduces from roots under the ground. * Elephant Grass - Elephant grass is a tall grass that originally came from Africa in 1913. It grows in dense clumps of up to 10 feet tall. In the...