Traffic Accidents are the main cause for the death and injury of many people and account for huge property damages in the world in general and developing countries in particular. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is no exception to this world-wide problem. Traffic accidents are in fact, the first major death rate in the country where 6,485 citizens have died and more than 36,000 were hurt in over 485,000 traffic accidents during 2008 and 2009 (Benjamin, 2010).
The purpose of this report is to illustrate why traffic accidents have become a major issue, to discuss the major reasons behind traffic accidents in Saudi Arabia, and explain how to decrease them. Finally my report will recommend some solutions to this major problem.
2. WHY TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS Has become a major issue in SAudi Arabia?
Traffic accidents have become a major issue in Saudi Arabia in the past few years because of two things. The first one is being on the top of the pyramid in the number of fatality and the second is the losses in lives and money.
3.1. Highest Death Rate
One of the reasons of making Traffic accidents a major issue The World Health Organization found that Saudi Arabia has the world’s highest number of deaths from road accidents (Benjamin, 2010).
3.2. Losses Caused by Traffic Accidents
Saudi Arabia is losing 17 people a day as a outcome of traffic accidents, and the majority of those who die are aged between 18 and 30 years (Al-Jassem, 2010). Over the past two decades Saudi Arabia has recorded 4 million traffic accidents, leading to 86,000 deaths and 611,000 injuries, 7 percent of which resulted in permanent disabilities (Benjamin, 2010), not to mention the dollar amount of losses which are estimated to $5 billion US dollars.
3. MAJOR REASONS BEHIND TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS IN SAUDI ARABIA
There are many reasons that could cause traffic accidents, but there some reasons that are common and many people have been lost by these causes. The common reasons in Saudi Arabia for the many accidents are three different causes, namely, high speed (speeding), skipping traffic lights, and distractions.
The most common unsafe driving behavior is speeding. Speeding is recognized as one of the most common and frequent cause of car accidents (Halbert, 1998). Yet the law restricts us to drive fast, but many people ignore the speed limit and drive over the limit. Traveling above the speed limit is an easy way to cause a car accident. The faster you drive, the slower your reaction time will be if you need to prevent an auto accident.
4.4. Skipping Traffic Lights
The traffic lights or road signals are very important factors in making the driving process safer and productive if it is used in the correct manner. A third of traffic accidents in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia’s capital city, were due to drivers jumping red lights (Benjamin, 2010). When you’re driving your car, red means to stop and not doing so usually leads to car accidents. Drivers that run red lights run the risk of causing unnecessary death because they often cause side-impact collisions at high speeds. To avoid a car accident, look both ways for oncoming cars as you approach a green light.
Driver distraction is a major cause of car accidents these days (Halbert, 1998). The number one cause of accidents is not a person that is speeding or running a red light but from distractions on the driver, which people consider it as the number one cause of accidents. A distracted driver is a motorist that diverts his or her attention from the road, usually to talk on a cell phone, send a text message, or eat food.
4. How to Decrease Traffic Accidents in Saudi Arabia
There are many ways to decrease traffic accidents in Saudi Arabia. The more effective ways are to enforce the traffic laws and educate and spread awareness to people...