Saturn Devouring His Son is a name given to a mural painting painted by Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes during year 1820 to 1823 at his house Quinta del Sordo (Villa of The Deaf Man) which is located at Spain. He used al secco technique (also called fresco-secco) which means the color pigments are mixed with water and egg york and applied on the moistened plaster. This painting was painted in oils on one of the wall of his dining room. Goya showed Saturn crouched in the centre of the painting with expanded face, bulging eyes and widely opened mouth which he was consuming a smaller human figure with his fists had clenched into it. A headless cadaver is also painted in the back side view which only has a left arm covered with blood.
The whole painting was portrayed in dark and shady. The crazed and horror face of Saturn with bulging eyes viewing at me are a nightmare to me. Curiosity flows when looking at this painting, wondering why Goya painted a cannibal. A feeling of fear and evil struck me when I first saw this painting. Is the man inside a devil? Cause only devil eats human. Looking back at this painting again makes me want to know more about the man inside.
This artwork fulfils the criteria of functionalism. Goya painted this after he experienced a hardship that changed his life at the year 1792. Goya fell extremely ill during his age of 46 and brought him close to the death. Many historians believe that it was caused by lead poisoning which is from the chemicals inside his paints. He gone through this hardship successfully but unfortunately he was left deaf permanently since that. This painting was probably a way for him to express his frustrations with his deafness. He might want to express his terror of loneliness and his own mortality through Saturn.
This painting was said to imitate Saturn in the Roman mythology. Saturn (the Roman equivalent of Greek Cronus) was a major god who responsible for the agriculture...