Machiavelli’s The Prince was written as a response to the disunity of the Italian state system. The Prince can be read as a satire of the corruption of the Papacy in order to reveal all of the problems of the ruling class. Concurrently, The Prince can also be read as an earnest attempt to help reunify Italy under the Medici family of Florence. Considering the circumstances, The Prince should be read as a satire just for the underlying reason of why it was written. Machiavelli had a hidden agenda; he was selfish. Machiavelli was exiled from his country and wanted to try to get back into politics by helping Lorenzo de’ Medici. Machiavelli constantly preaches how one must live for ones self because men are inherently evil. He wrote The Prince for his own personal reasons. He dedicated this manual of how a prince should maintain control of power to Lorenzo de’ Medici as a gift as a selfish way to get on his good side. Machiavelli felt that his book would have a dual effect. He would be able to publicize his feelings about all of the problems with the political leaders of Italy and also give the appearance as if he was trying to give advice to the prince. Lorenzo de’ Medici was the best way to bring Florence back together because of his family’s strong influence in Florence, especially since his uncle was Pope Leo X. There are many satirical interpretations throughout The Prince, including Machiavelli’s use of moral language, devotion to immoral behavior, and the reference to Cesare Borgia as his role model prince.
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