The consciousness-Raising Approach focuses on aspects of grammar without using a rule on technical jargon.
Instead of trying to impart rules and principles directly as in traditional grammar lessons, it seeks to help learners discover for themselves a grammatical rule by focusing on aspects of the target structures.
It differs from pure communicative approaches by telling learners which structures are ungrammatical and proving the grammatical counterpart.
It asks the learner not only to “notice” but also to perform an operation of some kind. (Ruhterford, 1987)
It encourages focused communication activities. (Ellis, 1993)
SAMPLE LESSON PLAN
disinfectant- n. a chemical liquid that destroys bacteria
gunk- adj. informal, unpleasant sticky messy substance
swab- v. clean with a swab, an absorbent pad used for cleaning
E.coli- n. Escherichia coli, commonly known as E. coli, is a species of bacteria normally present in human intestines. Illness from E. coli may develop from consuming undercooked beef, unpasteurized milk, or from handling food without washing hands after changing diapers.
Hands-off- v. used as a warning not to touch or interfere with something
hands-on- v. involving or offering active participation rather than theory
Soap Up! The 7 “Germiest “Place in Your Life!
1. Hands-off the kitchen sink, please!
Kitchen sinks are dirtier than most bathrooms. There are typically more than 500,000 bacteria per square inch in the drain alone. Plus your sponge, basin, and faucet handles are crawling with bacteria as well.
Hands-on! Clean your kitchen counters and sink with antibacterial product after using it. Wash your hands as well with warm, soapy water for 20 seconds (long enough to sing “Happy Birthday”)
2. Hands-off a load of wet laundry.
Anytime you handle underwear in the laundry, you’re getting E.coli on your hands. Just one soiled undergarment can spread... [continues]
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