Sample World History Dbq

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THESIS STATEMENT

During the independence movement in the late 18th century and the early 19th century, many societies

started to revolt against the government. Whether it was for voting rights or independance most

societies believed that there is prejudice in the government, but they also had different motives to start

their revolts

DIFFERENCES

Most of the societies had different motive as to why they claimed their independence. In the United

States of America, the Declaration of Independance,a statement which announced that the thirteen

American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as independent states, and no

longer a part of the British Empire. The Americans mention why they felt that King Greorge III wasn't

a good leader. He had sent British troops to fight and murder their people. He also took a lot of their

rights and abolishing their laws. The Americans believed that since King George was not living with

them, he can't understand their ways or why their laws, charters and government was in place. The

taxes they were told to pay by the king weren't fair because they were imposed without they, the

people's, consent. It is because of this that made King George III a tyrant, according to them. This

was their motive for them to revolt. (Document 1) In France, The Declaration of the Rights of Man

and of the Citizen is a fundamental document of the French Revolution, writen by the National

Assembly, defining the individual and collective rights of all the estates of the realm as universal.

Influenced by the doctrine of "natural right", the rights of man are held to be universal: valid at all times

and in every place, pertaining to human nature itself. This document focused only on men, not women,

and to be more specific only white men. This document was the first step toward writing a constitution

for France. Their motive was that all citizens (excluding colored people and women) should be able to

vote for their own laws based on their occupations and skill because one, how can a monarchy

choose what his people need when he is living a glorious life style. The commoners toughed it out on

the streets, worked jobs, fed and raised families. They should be the ones who truly know what's best

for themselves. (Document 2) The Declaration of the Rights of Woman and Citizeness was written in

1789 by the Olympe de Gouge. The Declaration is ironic and based on the Declaration of the Rights

of Man and of the Citizen, seeking to expose the failure of the French Revolution which had been

devoted to gender equality. The women in France were not considered equal to man and couldn't

take part in government. They demanded that they should have rights. Part of this had to do with the

Industrial Revolution since women started to work in factories, they felt that they also worked just as

hard as men. This became an incentive for them to demand a vote in government and to ask for equal

pay. (Document 4) In St. Domingo, Jean Jacques Dessallines declared for the Independence for his

people. At the time, the people of St. Domingo were forced into supporting Europe for war. Being

slaves, they had no choice. But Jean Jacques used the fact that their warriors and slaves were

mistreated to convince the people to declare indepedance. Their independance would also lead to the

stop of recruiting troops to fight in a war that wasn't theirs. These were the reasons why the people of

St. Domingo declared independance. (Document 5) In Argentina, Simón Bolívar advices the

Congress of Argentina that since they aren't fully Indian nor are they fully European, they are entitled

to engage in political affairs. The felt the need to demand this right because they were having disputes

with the Native over titles of ownership. They also has struggles in the maintenance among themselves...
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