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CHAPTER 1
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

I N T R O D U C T I O N

Surveillance Camera are video cameras used for the purposed of observing an area. They are often connected to a recording device, IP network, and/or watched by a security personnel/law enforcement officer. Video Surveillance Systems consist of cameras placed in areas where they can monitor activity as it takes place. These cameras may include features like pan, tilt, and zoom; may be placed in outdoor or indoor locations; and may include infrared recording options. Most cameras are used with recording systems, either VCR's or digital recorders. Using a digital recorder is the preferred option for easy storage, easy recall, and easy viewing over different monitors. The first Video Surveillance System was installed by Siemens AG at Test Stand VII in Peenemunde, Germany in 1942, for observing the launch of V-2 rockets. The noted German engineer Walter Bruch was responsible for the design and installation of the system. Outside government special facilities, Video Surveillance was developed initially as a means of increasing security in banks. Experiments in the UK during the 1970s and 1980s led to several larger trial programs later that decade. These were deemed successful in the government report and paved the way for a massive increase in the number of Video Surveillance systems installed. Today, systems cover most town and city centers, and many stations, car-parks and estates. Video Surveillance recording systems are still often used at modern launch sites to record the flight of the rockets, in order to find the possible causes of malfunctions. Video Surveillance System is one of the most effective devices that can be used for monitoring the behavior activities or other changing information, usually of the people and often in surreptitious manner. In our school, it is important to increased safety and security for the students as well its’ personnel. The schools are the place where students should feel safe from harm, outside stimulus, and other threats. Sadly to say, in the past few years, there are some instances where schools are not the safe haven we thought they were, take for instance what happened at Philippine Maritime Institute (PMI), where one of the professors was gun shot at the head inside the campus by one of the students. If only the management of the school strengthen its security system, none of this would happen. Base on the above mentioned situation, the researcher come up with an idea that could improve the security system not only for schools and universities but for all the entities and establishment in the Philippines. That is: The incorporation of a surveillance camera to its security system. One of the features of this research is that, an embedded system is incorporated by integrating a thermal scanner and an X-ray in the security system (for future expansion). One of the most popular Surveillance tools for Schools is the Secure View System. The system transmits images from cameras to a digital hard drive storage system. Output can be seen on a monitor that displays four frames of video or on desktop computer monitors, which are networked to receive video feeds from the cameras.

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Student behavior is a problem that cannot be regarded as trivial. The problem of students bringing weapons to school is an issue that will not go away by itself. School children are harming each other with regularity. The problems are particularly acute and are complicated by their connection to the prevalence of poverty, crime, and despair. Installing video surveillance system will help students focus on their studies and not make them worry about outside violence. These installations represent a huge amount of video to transmit, view and archive, making it impossible for a human monitor to analyze all of these video recordings in order to detect suspicious behavior or events. This...
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