Sample Dbq

Topics: Slavery in the United States, American Civil War, Dred Scott v. Sandford Pages: 5 (1503 words) Published: March 3, 2013
Source: Abraham Lincoln, 1858, Lincoln Douglass debates

“It is the eternal struggle between these two principles — right and wrong — throughout the world. They are the two principles that have stood face to face from the beginning of time; and will ever continue to struggle. The one is the common right of humanity, and the other the divine right of kings. It is the same principle in whatever shape it develops itself. It is the same spirit that says, "You toil and work and earn bread, and I'll eat it." No matter in what shape it comes, whether from the mouth of a king who seeks to bestride the people of his own nation and live by the fruit of their labor, or from one race of men as an apology for enslaving another race, it is the same tyrannical principle.”  ― Abraham Lincoln, The Lincoln-Douglas Debates

Document A

Document B
Source: 1885 Illinois, Map of debates

Source: 1885, Cartoon

Document C

 Source: August 27, 1858, in Freeport, Illinois
He was a significant force behind the Compromise of 1850 and the Kansas-Nebraska Act; both which included the idea of "popular sovereignty." Douglas was a strong believer in this doctrine, which said that the people of the territories should choose whether they wanted slavery or not. On the other side was Abraham Lincoln; a Republican who was unknown nationally until these debates. Lincoln was opposed to the expansion of slavery; he believed it should be restricted and not permitted in the new territories. He felt slavery was morally incorrect, and in his "house-divided" speech explained that the union could not survive forever as half free and half slave. Lincoln hoped for a nation without slavery eventually. Their clear, clashing viewpoints on slavery caused it to be the main issue throughout the debates. The debates took place between August and October, 1858, in seven different cities in Illinois: Ottawa, Freeport, Jonesboro, Charleston, Galesburg, Quincy, and Alton. Document D

Source: Lincoln April 1, 1854
Made so plain by our good Father in Heaven, that all feeland understand it, even down to brutes and creeping insects. The ant, who has toiled and dragged a crumb to his nest, will furiously defend the fruit of his labor, against whatever robber assails him. So plain, that the most dumb and stupid slave that ever toiled for a master, does constantly know that he is wronged.  So plain that no one, high or low, ever does mistake it, except in a plainly selfish way; for although volume upon volume is written to prove slavery a very good thing, we never hear of the man who wishes to take the good of it, by being a slave himself. Most governments have been based, practically, on the denial of the equal rights of men, as I have, in part, stated them; ours began, byaffirming those rights. They said, some men are too ignorant, andvicious, to share in government. Possibly so, said we; and, by your system, you would always keep them ignorant and vicious. We proposed to give all a chance; and we expected the weak to grow stronger, the ignorant, wiser; and all better, and happier together. We made the experiment; and the fruit is before us. Look at it. Think of it. Look at it, in its aggregate grandeur, of extent of country, and numbers of population, of ship, and steamboat

Document E

Source: Lincoln, July 4, 1861, secession
They invented an ingenious sophism, which, if conceded, was followed by perfectly logical steps, through all the incidents, to the complete destruction of the Union. The sophism itself is, that any state of the Union may, consistently with the national Constitution, and therefore lawfully, and peacefully, withdraw from the Union, without the consent of the Union, or of any other state. The little disguise that the supposed right is to be exercised only for just cause, themselves to be the sole judge of its justice, is too thin to merit any notice. With rebellion thus sugar-coated, they have been drugging the public mind of their section...
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