June 6, 2013
Same-sex marriage is a topic that has become increasingly more debatable throughout time. America has been said to be the “land of the free,” but when it comes to homosexual couples, it is far from that. If same-sex marriage was legalized, many positive outcomes could emerge from it; the society would be closer to equality, adoption would increase, gained social support for families would develop, and it would positively affect the economy and tax revenues.
In 1993, the first national debate was made in regards to same-sex marriage, which occurred in Hawaii. According to the National Conference of State Legislature (2013), Hawaii Supreme Court ruled that laws denying same-sex couples the right to marry violated state constitutional equal protection rights, unless the state could show a “compelling reason” for such discrimination. Before this occurrence, there were seven states that had laws stating that marriage was a relationship between only man and woman. By then end of 2000, there were 40 states that restricted marriage to opposite-sex couples by applying statutory and/or constitutional provisions. Considering that was over 12 years ago, the United States has made some changes when discussing the legalization of same-sex marriage. Same-sex marriage is now legal in 12 states and the District of Columbia.
The First Amendment in the U.S. Constitution states that the separation of church and state must occur throughout the United States, meaning there is no legal way for our government to prohibit same-sex marriage. With that being said, by banning same-sex marriage, civil rights are being denied. Corvino found (2012) same-sex couples and different-sex couples ought to be treated equally under the law. Each person is supposed to be born equal, but the same rights are not provided. By allowing same-sex marriage, the society will be closer to equality than ever before.
Some people choose to be against same-sex marriage due to marriage not being a “right.” These people claim that “traditional” marriage does not include homosexuals and it should remain as it always has, which is between man and woman. It has also been said that homosexual marriage will destroy the “sanctity of marriage,” but if that were the case divorce would be illegal. Seeing as the divorce rate is higher than it has ever been, heterosexual couples are actually destroying the sanctity of marriage and same-sex marriage can not be to blame. It has also been said that the legalization of same-sex marriage will lead to marriage involving animals, relatives, and children, which can be classified as a slippery slope argument. The legalization of same-sex marriage does not intend on changing the concept of marriage, which involves two adults. Homosexuals merely want the same rights as everyone else, which is to marry the person they intend on spending the rest of their lives with.
Many homosexual couples want to marry so they have the capability of adopting and creating a family. By allowing same-sex marriage, the adoption rates will increase, allowing children in need of a home to be adopted. The American Psychological Associate found (2005) not a single study has found children of lesbian or gay parents to be disadvantaged in any significant respect relative to children of heterosexual parents. According to Patterson (2013), research was able to show that children raised in homosexual households develop in the same manner as children raised in heterosexual households, and that same-sex couples are just as capable of providing a supportive environment for children.
It has been said that children should be raised with a mother and father figure throughout their lives and children growing up in a same-sex household will too become homosexual. In regards to the first statement, children are raised in single parent homes without...