· What is the infectious agent (pathogen) that causes this infectious disease? For example, the name of the bacteria, virus, or parasite.
Salmonella bacterium causes the Salmonellosis, which is a type of food poisoning. The most common types in the US are Salmonella serotype Typhimurium and Salmonella serotype Enteritidis.
· How is this infectious agent transmitted through food or water?
This disease can be transmitted through food that has been contaminated during food processing or food handling. A food handler could have not washed their hands before preparing the food. This is common when the food handler does not wash their hands after using the bathroom.
· What is an example of a real life outbreak of this foodborne illness in the United States?
The most recent would be the peanut butter salmonella outbreak. It has sickened 35 people in 19 different states. There has been a recall on hundreds of products that contain this peanut butter product. The company in New Mexico that produced the peanut butter with the contamination has expanded their recall to include raw and roasted peanuts.
· What are the clinical symptoms, duration of the disease, and treatment if any?
The symptoms are diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps. This can develop over 12 to 72 hours after the infections. The illness may last from 4 to 7 days. Although most people may not need medical treatment to recover, but the severity of dehydration and diarrhea for others can be extreme. In this case, it is necessary to go to the hospital for treatment. The best way to treat this illness is by management the complications. One of which being dehydration. This can be treated by drinking Pedialyte. Continue to eat your regular diet until the illness passes. You should refrain from any alcohol, coffee, spicy, and foods with that are high in fat and sugar until all symptoms are gone.
· What steps can be...