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THE BONSAI (ART & BUSINESS)

Course Code: English (102)
Section: 16
Course title : Composition & Communication Skills

SUBMITTED TO :

WASEEMA TASNEEN
Lecturer
English Department
East West University

SUBMITTED BY :

BISHWOJIT SAHA
2010-2-10-287

Date: 16/03/2011

TABLE OF CONTENTS

(1) Introduction

(2) History of Bonsai

(a) A concept and early versions
(b) The classical Bonsai period
(c) The rise of modern Bonsai
(3) Sources of bonsai material
(4) Techniques

(a) Select the species of tree
(b) Select the size of your bonsai
(c) Select the plant
(d) Select a pot
(e) Prepare the tree
(f) Pot the tree
(g) Experiment
(5) Take care of Bonsai
(6) Aesthetics

(a)Miniaturization
(b)Proportion among elements
(c)Asymmetry
(7) Varieties of Bonsai
(8) Bonsai Tree Diseases & First Aid
(9) Benefits of Bonsai & business profession
(10) Conclusion

Introduction

Bonsai (pronounced bone-sigh) is an ancient oriental horticultural art form.

Originally developed in the Orient almost 2000 years ago, today the sublime art of bonsai

is practiced throughout the world. A tree planted in a small pot is not a bonsai until it has

been pruned, shaped, and trained into the desired shape. Bonsai are kept small by careful

control of the plant's growing conditions. There are many varieties of plants that do well

as an indoor bonsai such as ficus, aralia, azalea norfolk pine, serissa, gardenia, or boxwood.

Insects such as aphids, spider mites, scale, and root aphids are a common problem corrected

by sprays, soapy rinse, or a systemic. People can adopt bonsai as a profitable business. It

also increases the interior decoration of a house.

History of Bonsai

(a) A concept and early versions:
Imperial embassy personnel and Buddhist students from Japan had been returning from mainland China with many souvenirs, including occasional container planting, since the 6th century. At least 17 diplomatic missions were specifically sent from Japan to the Tang court between the years 603 and 839.From about the year 970 comes the first lengthy work of fiction in Japanese Utsubo Monogatari (The Tale of Hollow Tree), which includes this passage: "A tree that is left growing in its natural state is a crude thing.

(Source: early version pictures of bonsai) (b) The classical Bonsai period:
In Itami Hyogo (near Osaka), a group of scholars of Chinese arts gathered in the early 19th century to discuss recent styles in the art of miniature trees. Their version of these, which had been previously called "Bunjin Ueki," "Bunjin Hachiue," or other terms, were renamed "bonsai" (The Japanese pronunciation of the Chinese term penzai). In 1829, a significant book that first established classical bonsai art was published.

(c) The rise of modern Bonsai: Following World War II, a number of trends made the Japanese tradition of bonsai more and more accessible to Western and world audiences. The First World Bonsai Convention was held in Osaka during the World Bonsai and Suiseki...
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