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  • Topic: Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Blood
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OSHAcademy Course 755 Study Guide

Copyright 2011 Geigle Communications LLC

OSHAcademy Course 755 Study Guide

OSHAcademy Course 755 Study Guide

BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS

Copyright (c) 2000-2011 Geigle Communications, LLC. No portion of this text may be reprinted for other than personal use. Any commercial use of this document is strictly forbidden. Contact the author to arrange for use as a training document. This study guide is designed to be reviewed off-line as a tool for preparation to successfully complete OSHAcademy Online Course 724. which will contain the correct answers to the questions. The final exam will contain questions taken from each module quiz. I hope you enjoy the course and if you have any questions, feel free to email or call: Read each module, answer the quiz questions, and return online to submit the quiz. Print the quiz response screen

Steven Geigle, M.A., CET, CSHM
Geigle Safety Group Inc. 515 NW Saltzman Road #767 Portland, Oregon 97229 www.oshatrain.org www.cshmprep.com sjgeigle@comcast.net 503.292.0654

Copyright 2011 Geigle Communications LLC

OSHAcademy Course 755 Study Guide

Course Introduction
Why do I need to learn about the risk of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens? OSHA estimates more than 5.6 million workers are at risk of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens. All occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) place workers at risk for infection with bloodborne pathogens. Workers in many different occupations are at risk of exposure to bloodborne pathogens, including Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and HIV/AIDS. First aid team members, housekeeping personnel in some settings, nurses and other healthcare providers are examples of workers who may be at risk of exposure.

Copyright 2011 Geigle Safety Group Inc.

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OSHAcademy Course 755 Study Guide

MODULE 1: WHAT ARE BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS?
What are bloodborne pathogens?
Bloodborne pathogens are infectious materials in blood that can cause disease when transmitted from an infected individual to another individual through blood and certain body fluids. Bloodborne pathogens are capable of causing serious illness and death. The most common illness caused by bloodborne pathogens are hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrom (AIDS) from HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus.

Who is covered by OSHA's Bloodborne Pathogens standard?
The standard applies to all employees who have occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM).  Occupational exposure is defined as "reasonably anticipated skin, eye, mucous membrane, or parenteral contact with blood or OPIM that may result from the performance of the employee's duties."  Blood is defined as human blood, human blood components, and products made from human blood.  Other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) means: a. The following human body fluids: semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva in dental procedures, any body fluid that is visibly contaminated with blood, and all body fluids in situations where it is difficult or impossible to differentiate between body fluids; b. Any unfixed tissue or organ (other than intact skin) from a human (living or dead); and

Copyright 2011 Geigle Safety Group Inc.

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OSHAcademy Course 755 Study Guide
c. HIV-containing cell or tissue cultures, organ cultures, and HIV- or HBV-containing culture medium or other solutions; and blood, organs, or other tissues from experimental animals infected with HIV or HBV. The following references aid in recognizing workplace hazards associated with bloodborne pathogens.

What is the purpose of OSHA's Bloodborne Pathogens standard? The purpose of the standard is to minimize or eliminate occupational exposure to disease-carrying microorganisms or "pathogens" that can be found...
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