Safety Management System

Only available on StudyMode
  • Topic: Air safety, International Civil Aviation Organization, National Transportation Safety Board
  • Pages : 14 (4662 words )
  • Download(s) : 506
  • Published : September 25, 2011
Open Document
Text Preview
Content

Abstract………………………………………………………………………….4 Introduction…………………………………………………………………......5 The International Civil Aviation Organization…………………………..…...7 Trainings………………………………………………………………………...9 Hazard and risk management for safety……………………………………10

From management strategies to safety…………………………………….13 The statistical evidence……………………………………………………....15
Conclusion……………………………………………………………………..18

Reference list…………………………………………………………………..20

Abstract

The aviation industry is one of the most exposed to hazards and risks, however aircrafts are the safer way to travel. Indeed safety management systems have been designed to make that industry as safe as possible. Those systems receive valuable assistance from agencies such as the International Civil Aviation Organization and National authorities to reach the safety strategic objectives. They provide training programs to help SMS to improve their effectiveness, by ensuring the competences of the personnel from executives to employees. Therefore SMS could improve their management of hazards and risks, which is the principal mean to avoid accidents and allowed companies to save money. To achieve these goals safety systems apply every day the fundamental management strategies, and put them together for a better efficiency and effectiveness. The results have been proved, in term of performance and profit, SMS improved the world aviation operations.

Introduction

Air transport is a complex system that provides many interactions between different actors such as airlines, air traffic control, airports, and technologies. It also involves many human interventions in an uncertain and fluctuating environment, subject to the vagaries of the weather, or to the aviation regulations. Aviation safety management is then the application of management principles to achieve safety in the air transport environment. This goal is achievable by reducing and maintaining at an acceptable level risks that could harm persons or damage equipment, through a continuing process of hazard identification and risk management 1(Bryant, 2011, § 2). This process falls into a more general framework, which is the safety management of complex systems. Indeed, aviation management belongs to a complex worldwide system made of performances, profits, rules, regulations, hazards and risks. According to Professor James Reason, the world-leading expert on human errors; taking into account human factors and organizational issues; the very different systems such as healthcare systems, nuclear systems, financial systems or air transport systems, are similar in terms of risks and failures 2(Hinton-Walker et al, 2006). In this way he developed theories and models to improve organizations’ safety management. Therefore, managing safety within the aviation environment has evolved through three approaches or methods, which are proactive, reactive and predictive management. It has adopted a pyramidal approach, in the way that each level of the safety management system (SMS), can discharge to a lower level of the system, which is in its area. The level that delegates can still keep control on the lower level’s ability to manage safety. This approach helps to empower each actor of the safety chain and multiply the effects of global aviation safety management. It also provides to final operators of the air transport, embedded and responsible, systems of safety management 3(gestion, 2010).

Good safety management is more than just a legal and moral requirement. Around the world, there is a growing recognition that safety management systems can improve the operating performance and profits of a Company as well as its safety defenses. In this way finding how SMS has evolved and allowed an improvement of the aviation world operations seems to be the best way to confirm that SMS is definitively essential. Therefore to support that idea several aspects of the SMS are going...
tracking img