Background Transfield Services is a highly diverse organisation in the work we do, geographically and culturally. With this diversity comes an extreme variation in hazards faced on each of our contracts. In recognition of this we are mandating a global process for the identification and control of catastrophic hazards on all our contracts. This initiative is fully supported by the Transfield Services Executive Team, has been incorporated into the global business plan and is being added to our Hazard Management procedure.
Key concepts 2.1 Leadership confidence: The process that follows is based on developing a ‘Transfield Services Catastrophic Hazard and Control Universe’. The process will provide confidence to leaders at all levels across the global organisation that the extreme risks to which the business is exposed have been considered on all contracts and appropriate controls identified that will be adhered to by all. 2.2 Catastrophic Hazards: In business today, there are two different types of risk. General risks or personal safety Hazards that can result in a serious injury or significant incident, but that are unlikely to result in fatalities or catastrophe. Major or catastrophic or process safety Hazards with the potential to cause fatalities, major tragedy or catastrophic failure. The two types of risk have very different characteristics and therefore require different approaches to their management. General Hazards Consequences Will generally result in a severe injury /incident but not a fatality/ catastrophic failure Incident severity generally moves from minor to major over several steps, with frequency decreasing as severity increases. This type of risk adheres to the classical pyramid hierarchy. Catastrophic Hazards Have the potential to inflict multiple fatal injuries or result in catastrophic failure. Consequences are generally binary; either a near miss/relatively minor incident or a catastrophic failure. The classic safety pyramid is not a good predictor of impending catastrophe.
Likelihood of a more severe incident is generally indicated by the number of incidents occurring at the level below it. These sorts of incidents and their pre-cursors generally occur frequently. There are therefore many opportunities to learn and take corrective action. Periods between major incidents can be prolonged, resulting in a loss of the sense of vulnerability. Near misses associated with these risks are typically low severity and can be hidden within the multitude of near misses associated with general safety. As a result, warning signs of impending disaster can go unnoticed. Your mind goes to this category.
These incidents can dominate management attention because of their frequency and high profile measures e.g. LTIFR.
First reaction to a major incident
Management of catastrophic hazards: Catastrophic Hazard: a threat that has the potential to result in multiple fatalities or service delivery failure that materially affects the financial performance or reputation of our client or ourselves. To ensure that management directs appropriate attention to catastrophic hazards, the following process is proposed: i. ii. iii. iv. Each site would, in consultation with their work force, identify their top catastrophic hazards. When identified, the site would develop communication and promotional activities that ensure these are known by everyone and their importance reinforced on an ongoing basis. Any near miss/close call incident related to one of their catastrophic hazards would be identified in the IMS by ticking the box provided on one of the entry screens. Each month, site, industry, regional and global reviews would analyse near misses/close call incidents associated with catastrophic hazards to identify vulnerabilities and take appropriate action.
NOTE: The definition of a catastrophic hazard is...