Safeguarding Children and Young People

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Level 3 in supporting teaching and learning in schools
Assessment task – CYP 3.3 understand how to safeguard the wellbeing of children and young people

Task 1
What is safeguarding?
The Government has defined the term ‘safeguarding children’ as: ‘The process of protecting children from abuse or neglect, preventing impairment of their health and development, and ensuring they are growing up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care that enables children to have optimum life chances and enter adulthood successfully.’ http://www.safeguardingchildren.org.uk/ 18/01/2012

What is Child protection?
Child protection is used to describe a set of usually government-run services designed to protect children and young people who are underage and to encourage family stability. These typically include foster care, adoption services, services aimed at supporting at-risk families so they can remain intact, and investigation of alleged child abuse. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Child protection 18/01/2012

The children Act 1989 introduced significant changes to legislation in England and Wales in regards to the welfare of children. Within this act as well as ensuring that the welfare of a child is the first priority, it identified the responsibility of parents and those who care for children to ensure that they were safe. Its main aims were: * Achieve a balance between protecting children and the rights of parents to challenge state intervention. * Encourage partnership between statutory authorities and parents. * Restructure the framework of the courts, in particular with regard to family proceedings * Redefine the concept of parental responsibility.

(L. Burnham, B. Baker, 2010)
The act is in force to cover all children that are under the age of 18.

The unfortunate death of Victoria Climbie sparked a public inquiry and changes to the current child protection policies within the UK. She was an eight year old girl who was brutally tortured and murdered by her guardians. During the abuse, she was burnt with cigarettes, tied up for periods of longer than 24 hours, and hit with bike chains, hammers and wires. Up to her death, the police, the social services department of four local authorities, the National Health Service, the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC), and local churches all had contact with her, and noted the signs of abuse. However, in what the judge in the trial following Climbié's death described as "blinding incompetence", all failed to properly investigate the case and little action was taken. Kouao and Manning were convicted of murder and sentenced to life imprisonment. After Climbié's death, the parties involved in her case were widely criticised. A public inquiry, headed by Lord Laming, was ordered. It discovered numerous instances where Climbié could have been saved, noted that many of the organisations involved in her care were badly run, and discussed the racial aspects surrounding the case, as many of the participants were black. “The subsequent report by Laming made numerous recommendations related to child protection in England. Climbié's death was largely responsible for the formation of the Every Child Matters initiative; the introduction of the Children Act 2004; the creation of the Contact Point project, a government database designed to hold information on all children in England; and the creation of the Office of the Children's Commissioner chaired by the Children's Commissioner for England.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_of_Victoria_Climbie 19/01/2012 The report produced was very critical and produced 108 recommendations that would overhaul child protection in the UK. The main points were: * There should be a much closer working relationship between agencies such as health professionals, schools and welfare services. * There should be a central data base containing records of all children and whether they are...
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