1.1. An outline of the current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures within own UK Home Nation affecting the safeguarding of children and young people.
Ans. There are many legislative acts that affect the safeguarding of children and young people. These are: •
Children Act 1989 (England and Wales)/Children (Northern Ireland) Order 1995: This act outlined the duties all who worked with children and they should coordinate in the event of allegations of child abuse. •
Children Act 2004: This act came about with the realisation that services for children were not coordinating effectively to identify and protect vulnerable children. The tragic death of Victoria Climbe at the hands of carers led to Laming report enquiry published in a green paper “Every Child matters” which in turn led to this act. This act emphasized on the integration of children’s services, responsibilities of local authorities, social services, NHS, police and other service to strive to protect vulnerable children and assist agencies in indentifying welfare needs and share information. •
Working Together to Safeguard Children 2006: This is an updated act providing help to agencies to work individually and as team to safeguard and promote the welfare of young children. This was necessary especially after it was obvious in the Laming report 2003 that lack of communication between social workers, nurses, doctors, police officers led to death of Victoria Climbe. •
The Vetting and Barring Scheme: It was introduced in October 2009 to prevent unsuitable people from working with children and vulnerable adults. From July 2010 anyone working with young children or vulnerable adults is required to register with the Independent Safeguarding Authority (ISA). •
Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006: An Act to make provision in connection with the protection of children. •
Protection of Children Act 1999: An Act to require a list to be kept of persons considered unsuitable to work with...
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