Safeguarding Adults and promoting independence
P1 , P2, P3, M1, D1
The types of abuse do vary from each individual and abuse is a violation of an individual’s human and civil rights by any other person or persons. The types of abuse range from physical, sexual, psychological, neglect, financial, discriminatory, bullying, self-harm, institutional, domestic violence. Physical
Physical contact which can be seem as physical abuse depending on certain criteria such as the degree of force and nature and maliciousness behind the action. These can be clear cut assault which can be hitting, slapping, kicking, pushing, which are bullying actions. Sometimes even car workers can cause abuse in institutional care homes and be victims to bruising in various places and it been covered with clothing. Unexplained bruises on face, lips, mouth, body. Also a service user might be victim to other acts cuts, burns, fractures which don’t have a valid explanation. Sometimes this might not even be intended to harm an individual this is usually reflex behaviour when a carer who might lash out to a service user who’s not doing as she/he told. Sexual
Sexual abuse ranges from inappropriate touching to rape and in some cases its illegal for care workers to engage in sexual relationships within someone in their care. There lots of catch 22 as some service aren’t aware of the advances of some care workers and might take this as an act of friendship. So hinting at sexual activity in which can be noticed by, torn stained or bloody undergarments, Love bites, finger marks on thighs or arms and even difficulty in sitting or walking this can change a service user and you may notice within their sexual behaviour or outlook. Psychological
This can happening to a person to keep them quiet this is done by belittling the person or even put downs and name calling and causes humiliation and loss of self-respect(Empowerment) this is shown in unexplained fear or a defensive barrier, sleep deprivation or even a loss to a positive approach on life. This can even causes emotional withdrawal and even self-harm or signs of depression or stress depending on the emotional abuse been received this is usually bullying, shouting, and threats of intimidation. Also playing mind games with saying ‘our little secret’ or even making promises which can’t be fulfilled can causes someone not to trust and manipulates the person to their own will. Neglect
Neglect is usually found when failure to provide proper care and attention, the children there usually clear evidence because they don’t grow and show that they are thriving and maturing. In adults neglect can be self-imposed because of mental health and depression and may be unable to motivate themselves such as the basic needs of washing clothes and themselves and have poor hygiene levels with some individuals. It’s usually seen within the care homes as neglect to take action for a person’s needs is sometimes unseen such as food charts and reports on even hygiene levels of been cleaned. These can be done by family or the own individual who doesn’t want to be helped and doesn’t allow access also a failure to give prescribed medication by the individual or the care workers which can cause a decline in health. Also been able for a service user to be mobile and can have a social life of visitors, phone calls and outings. The main causes within care homes causes most adults to be malnutrition and there physical condition decrease as well as state of wellbeing of having food , heating and lighting which are the basic needs of everyone(Maslow’s hierarchy of needs) Financial
Financially service users can be abused as they are more fragile and sometimes don’t have direct contact with their finances such as bank accounts, pensions and even personal money, this is usually when a person is receiving home care, they might leave their wallet and purse on the side and the service might just put it down to a bad...