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1. Alexander the Great typically ruled through local hierarchies. 2. Which of the following explain why Alexander failed to carry the empire as far as the Gangzes River? Because his troops mutinied. 3. Which two leaders built an empire from Alexander’s Empire? Ptolemy and Seleucus. 4. Which of the following empires began as city-states? Mesopotamia and Greece. 5. Alexander the Great extended his empire as far east as the Indus River. 6. The city was Rome was found in 753 B.C.

7. Rome became a republic in what year? 509 B.C.
8. Rome often granted some level of Roman citizenship to conquered peoples. 9. Carthage lost all three Punic Wars.
10. Which of the following was conquered last by Rome? Gaul. 11. The Roman patron client relationship defined a state of reciprocity between the weak and the strong. 12. The struggle of orders was a conflict between the plebeians and patricians. 13. The Gracchi succeeded in achieving some of their desire for reform. 14. The Triumvirate formed in 16 B.C. did not include this man. Tiberius. 15. Rome’s military leaders were initially constrained by elected civilian government. 16. Rome’s armies were often made up in part by men from conquered regions. 17. During the height of the Roman Empire Rome made their wealth through precious metals. 18. Rome borrowed most from this culture. Greece.

19. Stoicism held all of the following principles except: “the world is an irrational place.” 20. The belief system of Rome was that the emperor was a God. 21. Which of the following occurred first? Hannibal invading Italy. 22. Which of the following was first to be made part of the Roman Empire? Sicily. 23. The Silk Road linked which of the following cities? The Bactra and Luoyang 24. Which of the following was the first emperor of the Flavian Dynasty? Vespasian. 25. Which of the following Greek and Roman Gods are linked correctly? Dionysus and Bacchus. 26. The barbarians were usually considered inferior by the Romans. 27. Once the Goths began to work with iron contact with the Greece and Roman resulted in the development of more sophisticated tools and weapons. 28. The fall of the Roman Empire hastened by the actions of the Germanic people. 29. A key factor in the decline of Rome was a plague that nearly killed of one-quarter of the population in some areas. 30. Zenobia the widow of the leader, Palmyra, led a revolt against the Roman emperor Aurelian. 31. Attila, leader of the Huns, invaded Italy in 451 C.E. (End of the Roman Empire in the West is 479 C.E.) 32. Christianity was expressing their dissatisfaction from the power of the Caesars. 33. Under the leadership of Emperor Constantine, he set up the siter capital of Rome called Constantinople. 34. Byzantine Empire was centered in Constantinople.

35. A significant reason that the Byzantine Empire survived for a thousand years after the Rome had fallen was because their administration of government was much more efficient. 36. Which of the following groups migrated to Carthage, then across the Mediterranean Sea to Rome? The Vandals, the Allans, and the Sueves. 37. Which of the following controlled the largest geographic region? The Byzantine Empire. 38. The Zhou Dynasty disintegrated leading to the Warring States period. 39. The Warring States Period led to the rule of the Qin Dynasty. 40. Which Dynasty completed construction of the 1500 mile Great Wall of China? The Qin Dynasty. 41. Confucius lived during the Warring States period.

42. Of the following, which was not one of the five texts canonized by Confucius? The Good Life. 43. The Qin Dynasty administration was characterized formalized written rules. 44. Which ideology had the most influence on the Qin Dynasty? Legalism. 45. Daoism stresses closeness to the natural world.

46. The Mandate of Heaven blessed moral rulers....
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