Russian Wto Accession: Achievements, Impacts, Challenges

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Russian WTO accession: Achievements, impacts, challenges By David G. Tarr1

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David G. Tarr, Consultant and Former Lead Economist, The World Bank, MSN MC3-303, The World Bank, 1818 H. St., NW, Washington DC 20433, USA. dtarr@worldbank.org

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Abstract .........................................................................................................................................................3 I. II. Introduction ...........................................................................................................................................4 Quantitative Analysis of the Impact of Russia WTO Accession: The Key Role of Liberalisation of FDI in Services ......................................................................................................................................4

III. The Impact on Russia of WTO Accession and the Doha Development Agenda: Or “WYDIWYG,” what you do is what you get ..................................................................................................................8 IV. Examination of Russia‟s Tariffs from 2001-2005 .................................................................................9 V. The Merits of Dual Pricing of Russian Natural Gas ...........................................................................10 Russia‟s Reserves and Exports ............................................................................................................10 Optimal Export Prices .........................................................................................................................11 Domestic Market Pricing in Russia .....................................................................................................12 Efficient Prices from the Perspective of the World .............................................................................13 VI. Principal WTO Accession Commitments of Russia ...........................................................................13 Non-Agricultural Market Access (NAMA) ........................................................................................13 Services Commitments........................................................................................................................13 Agriculture Issues................................................................................................................................15 VII. Are there Excessive Demands on Russia due to Political Considerations?.........................................16 Goods ..................................................................................................................................................16 Services ...............................................................................................................................................16 Agriculture ..........................................................................................................................................17 VIII. Russian WTO Accession and the Jackson-Vanik Amendment .........................................................17 IX. Remaining Issues ................................................................................................................................18 Georgia –The Customs Posts issue with Russia..................................................................................18 Agriculture ..........................................................................................................................................19 Intellectual Property ............................................................................................................................19 Timber Export Taxes...........................................................................................................................19 X. When Will Russia Achieve Membership?...
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