1- What is the message in source one?
Source one is a Marxist view of Russia in 1901. The layers in the illustration, from the top, say: “The royal family”, “we rule you”, “We mislead you”, “We shoot you” and the bottom layer says “we work for you and feed you”. 2- How is the view of the monarchy and the church different from that suggested in Source 2?
3- What clues are there in this manifesto to the Tsar’s attitude to his future role? In this manifesto, Alexander III starts by accepting the role as succession and being king and leader in a time that Russia is in chaos and acknowledging the God-given role as Russia’s purifier. Alexander wants to eradicate all the disruptions and the disgrace brought upon Russian lands and wants to bring order by accepting his role as a leader
4- Why did Alexander III want to give financial help to the gentry? The gentry are the ones that pay the tax, if help was not given then they would be upset and tax would not be paid and the government would not be receiving money. So, Alexander keeps them happy to get their money.
5- You might like to look at the famines of 1920-1922 and 1933-1934. In what ways were the causes similar? The beginning of all famines is that the government had forced the farmers to give them all the crops thus leaving them without anything for those bad years.
6- How did the governments respond to the crises?
The government was believed to be responsible for the severity of the famine. During the famine, the government was ‘slow’, censors prevented newspapers from carrying reports of the famine and the government postponed a ban on grain exports until the situation was acute in August 1891.
7- Who coped with the crisis best?
The young heir to the throne, Nicholas, was put in charge of the Special Committee on Famine Relief. The public appeal saw an astonishing response from the intelligentsia. The zemstva led the way. Prince Lvov, the future Prime minister of Russia’s first Tolstoy, Russia’s most famous writer, organized soup canteens and the playwright Chekhov went back to being a doctor in Moscow to organize treatment for the cholera victims.
8- Why was the famine such a public relations disaster for the government? Many blamed the government for the famine, because in an effort to raise much needed revenue, the government had heavily taxed consumer goods. To afford what they needed, the peasants were forced to sell more grain, leaving them with no reserves of seed-corn for them to use in a bad year.
9- The Tsars had excellent advisers. Why did they not contemplate constitutional reform? Tsars want power, even though they do have excellent advisers, they didn’t want to sacrifice their autocratic power, and monarchs are power hungry thus making it very hard to have a constitutional reform.
10- Why might a follower of Marxism believe that a proletarian revolution was unlikely in Russia for a long time? Marx thought that competition between factories would grow more intense, and successful companies would buy out or put out of business those who were less efficient. This process would continue until production was in the hands of monopolies. Political power also would be in the hands of the owners of these monopolies. The proletariat would be more and more exploited as the bourgeoisie struggled to make maximum profit until finally they would be driven to revolt against their exploiters.
11- What are the author’s main areas of complaint?
The author is complaining that a lot of abuse is happening and many random affairs that it is affecting the Russians sinking them ‘deeper into oppression and misery’.
12- What does source 17 tell us about the reasons why the Russians were confident of success in the war against Japan? Source 17 is a picture of two ships with two men appearing at the front with one side punching the other, this portrays how confident...