Throughout history Russia has went through many invasions, reforms, and led under the worst leaders imaginable, but has seen great rulers such as Peter I. Through many reforms, modernizations, and increased education, The Russian Empire developed into a stronger European State than it once had been. Russia was broken down to nothing and built back up stronger becoming a power in Eastern Europe. Russia’s development from the Mongol conquest to Peter I was much different from the 13th century to the 18th century by the increase in education, addition of a centralized government, an army and navy, and freedom of religion.
In 1237, Batu, one of the grandson’s of the founder of the Mongol Empire, Genghis Khan, led 150,000 and 200,000 troops into Russia, destroying many villages, destroying churches and killing thousands of people. Kiev, one of the largest cities in Russia at the time, was completely destroyed by the Mongols, making Russia part of the Mongol Empire. The Mongols also captured many Russian Princes. Princes that survived the destruction were forced to pledge allegiance to the Golden Horde, people of the Western Mongol Empire. When Russians weren’t loyal to the Mongols, soldiers would be sent to towns to destroy everything and kill everyone. This often frightened many people, making them obey the Mongols in fear for their life.
The Mongols however never interfered with the way of life. They were only interested in collecting taxes as well as maintaining their power over the Russians. The Mongols were very tolerant of religion in Russia, as they didn’t force anyone to convert, even after the Mongols adopted the Islam faith. The soldiers told the Russians they were sent to conquer Russia by God, making Russians believe they were being punished for their sins they had committed. The Orthodox Church became a major aspect in everyday life and was often looked toward for support and guidance. Art also changed during the time period of the Mongol Empire....
Please join StudyMode to read the full document