DEFINITION OF RURAL SOCIOLOGY
According to A.R. Desai, “The prime objective of Rural Sociology should be to make a systematic, scientific and comprehensive study of the rural social organisation, of its structure function and objective tendencies of development and on the basis of such a study to discover the laws of is development. Since every science social or natural, has for its aim the discovery of the hither to hidden laws of development of a domain of nature or society, the basic task of Rural Sociology, they unanimously declare, is to discover the law of development of Rural Society.”
HISTROY OF RURAL SOCIOLOGY
Rural sociology was the first and for a time the largest branch of American Sociology Rural sociology became prominent during the late industrial revolution in France, Ireland, Prussia, Scandinavia, and the US. As urban incomes and quality of life rose, a social gap appeared between urban and rural dwellers. Early works of Max Weber in the late 19th century were concerned with rural sociology. The term rural sociology was first coined in the USA. Rural Sociology, relatively a new branch of Sociology, originated in the USA nearly in 1820.From that period a good deal of literature had been produced about the new knowledge of Rural Sociology. But, actually a deep scientific study about Rural Society was started in the middle of the nineteenth century. In that period, a new knowledge about modernization was emerged and it was regarded as the ‘Age of Modernization ‘in the history of mankind. Due to the deep influence of modernization, a radical change took place in the different aspects of Rural Society. As a result some eminent personalities like Charles Henderson of Chicago University, Butler Field, Earnest Burnholme, John Moris Gillin, Martin H.Giddings, Themas Ninon Carver and others have made their original contribution regarding the study and development of Rural Society. But as a separate discipline of study, Rural Sociology had not...
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