Status of the Elderly People in Rural Indian Society: Katra Bakkas Excerpt
Anthropology has a long history of interest in age, and aged informants, but not in aging or the aged (Fry, 1980:1). Older people have provided many of the fascinating accounts of the cultures they remembered in their life experiences. Anthropological studies of aging, however, with few exceptions, are comparatively a recent phenomenon (Keith, 1988 (a):339). This paper discusses their importance of the elderly people in the Indian society in its changing scenario with respect to their discrimination from the other age groups. The stark reality of Indian population is that the Indian population is growing old but the discrimination with these people is also growing up in graph. They are not provided with the same rights as the other age groups and the researcher here discusses on the how is discrimination implicit on them and why is it present in a society like India. The different impacts because of this discrimination on the elderly people and the impact of the same on these people. Introduction
India is a world within the world. It occupies an area of about 2,287,263 sq km with over 1.2 billion population, (census 2011). Nearly all the languages are spoken in this country and all religions find their practitioners here although Hinduisms is the dominant religion. Sixteen per cent of the world’s population lives in the country. Some 826 languages and thousands of dialects are spoken. Different regions of the country, river valleys, plains, deserts, vast stretches of coast, snow covered mountains, present different types of life style and culture. While 72 per cent of the population lives in rural areas, there are more than 225 cities with over 100,000 population, and ten cities with over a million people. India has rich deposits of minerals, natural gas, oils, fertile lands, and other flora and fauna. Art and architecture, dances and music, and other histrionic arts of the populations have their origin in the deeper layers of history of India. Modern India has been carved out from thousands of princely states, from various political thoughts and from diversity of socio political habitation. India has been a subject of invasions from foreign invaders from many parts of the globe. India has been the treasure house of goods to be imported by many countries. Indian population with stood great invasions, great famines, floods, tsunamis, earthquakes, droughts, diseases, and grown and aged with over a billion population, the second most populous country in the world. Now different parts of the country are experiencing varying degrees of socio-economic change. Literacy, employment, health and morbidity rates vary from region to region. Urban and rural environments present contrasting pictures with respect to quality of life at any age. Thus India is united in diversity. Indian democracy is respected with active participation of all parties within power or outside power. With the economic liberalization started during 1990, India is now trying to become economic super power in the near future. However, growing population, poverty, unemployment, natural calamities, disease ,cross border terrorism, regional disparities, political instability, and add to all these the population ageing and large number of aged workers in the informal sector are the growing concern for India. The paper seeks to look into demographic aspects of aging, social and economic aspects of aging in India, and requirement of policy initiatives for the care of older persons in India and further seeks to recommend some policy initiatives. Ageing
Ageing or aging is the accumulation of changes in a person over time. Ageing in humans refers to a multidimensional process of physical, psychological, and social change. Some dimensions of ageing grow...