Rural Dwellers’ Perception of Human Trafficking and Its Implication for Agricultural Production in Edo State, Nigeria

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Publisher: Asian Economic and Social Society ISSN (P): 2304-1455, ISSN (E): 2224-4433 Volume 2 No. 3 September 2012.

Rural Dwellers’ Perception of Human Trafficking and its Implication for Agricultural Production in Edo State, Nigeria Ofuoku, A. U. and Uzokwe, U. N. (Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Delta State University, Asaba Campus, PMB 95074, Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria)

Citation: Ofuoku, A. U. and Uzokwe, U. N. (2012) “Rural Dwellers’ Perception of Human Trafficking and its Implication for Agricultural Production in Edo State, Nigeria”, Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 394-404.

Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, 2(3), pp. 394-404.

Rural Dwellers’ Perception of Human Trafficking and its Implication for Agricultural Production in Edo State, Nigeria Abstract This study was carried out to ascertain the perception of rural dwellers on human trafficking in relation to its effect on agricultural production in the three Senatorial Districts of Edo State, Nigeria. A sample size of 120 household heads was used for the study. Structured questionnaire and interview schedule were used to collect data for the study. The data were analyzed using frequency counts, means and percentage while ChiSquare statistical model and Tobit regression analytical model were used to test the hypotheses. It was discovered that the household members were trafficked as a result of push and pull factors. The trafficked members of household were actively involved in farming practices before being trafficked. There is significant relationship between human trafficking and agriculture production. Shortage of farm labor, decreased farm size, reduced farm income, reduced farm output, extra expenditure on hired labor and storage of food supply by the community were perceived as effect of human trafficking on agriculture. Age of the household head and the household size had significant effect on the number of household member trafficked. Human trafficking has an adverse effect on agricultural production. Extension department should therefore integrate anti-human trafficking campaigns with their services to the farming population.

Author(s)

Ofuoku, A. U.
Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Delta State University, Asaba Campus, PMB 95074, Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria Email: ofuoku@yahoo.com

Uzokwe, U. N.
Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Delta State University, Asaba Campus, PMB 95074, Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria Email: ucheadauzokwe@yahoo.com

Keywords: Rural dwellers, human trafficking, push factors and pull factors

Introduction
Trafficking in human beings, especially women and girls is not new (UNESCO, 2006) and historically it has taken many forms but in the context of globalization has acquired shocking new dimensions. It is a complex multifaceted phenomenon involving multiple stake holders at the institutional and commercial level (UNICEF, 2004). It is a demand driven global business with a huge market for cheap labor and commercial sex confronting often insufficient or unexercised policy frame works or trained personnel to prevent it (UNDP, 2005). Although Nigeria has enormous natural and human resources (Nigeria is still the 11th 394

largest producer of oil in the world), (UNESCO, 2006). Nigeria is still rated as one of the poorest countries in the world with per capital GNP of US $280 for a population of about 133 million. Nigeria is a country rich in resources but with wide spread poverty (World Bank, 2005). Nigeria especially the southern part has a reputation for being one of the leading African countries in human trafficking. Trafficking involves the recruitment, transportation transfer, harboring or receipt of persons for the purpose of exploitation (UNCATO), (2000) as cited by UNESCO (2006). Men, women, and children are trafficked for many purposes, such as sexual exploitation, begging, underpaid and exploited forced labor...
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