Rural Development

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The soul of India lays in villages and in these villages live three-fourths of our countrymen.' It means that the nation's strength and prosperity are interlinked with the strength and prosperity of the villages. Hence, it is important to free the rural India from backwardness and poverty. It is a good sign that our government is tiying its best to bring rapid and sustainable development in the rural areas. Education and removal of poverty are given top priority. Efforts are being made to enable the rural people to improve their living standards. Clean drinking water is very important for good health which is being made available in the villages. Our villages are no more poor and dirty as they were in past. They have their own primary health centres, post offices and the schools. Primary education has been made free so that maximum number of the villages may be literate. Rural houses are now built with bricks and the roads are almost pucca. Electricity is being installed-in every village. To improve the financial position of the rural people different schemes are being started by the government. Bank loans are being given at low rate. We see a revolutionary change in the methods of farming- Farming is no more done by plough and oxen. Now tractors are being used for this purpose. There are tube-wells which irrigate the fields. There are harvesting machines which reap the crops. The farmers also know much about the fertilizers- They use them in ample measure. Thus farming has no^ become easier. No doubt rural India has progressed a lot with better roads, better drainage system, better electricity facilities, better houses, but still much more has to be achieved in order to make it ideal in the true sense of the term. We see poverty, we see unemployment, we see malnutrition etc. in the rural areas more than the urban ones. These are the factors which hamper the growth and development of the villages. Our government has started a scheme named Sampoorna Gramin Rozgar...
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