Agency and / Organizational Profile Interview of the United State District Court Northern District of Ohio Pretrial Services and Probation Office Tawanna Norton
Social Practice Large Systems -SWK 606
February 13, 2013
The United States District Court Pretrial Services and Probation Office. (Northern District of Ohio) organization was chosen for this essay because this is where my field placement is and my interest are in becoming an employee of U.S Pretrial and Probation office in the future. This essay provided a brief history of United States District Court Pretrial Services and Probation Office, the responsibilities of United States District Court Pretrial Services and Probation Office, and the SWOT (strengths, weakness, opportunities, and threats) – of the agency and theoretical perspectives were further discussed in greater detail as the essay goes on.
On January 29, 2013. Tawanna Norton an MSW, student at Cleveland State University conducted an in person interview at the U.S. Pretrial and Probation Office at 801 West Superior Avenue, Suite 3-100 Cleveland, Ohio 44113. She interviewed Pamela Lynch who has achieved her Master’s Degree in Social Work, and serves as the Assistant Deputy Chief at that Agency. When setting the appointment to interview Ms. Lynch, Tawanna offered her the option to conduct the interview either in person or over the telephone. It was agreed that an in person interview would be best, this would allow Tawanna the opportunity to tour the facility as well as develop a sense for an outpatient environment whose mission is to protect the public; by adhering to an explicit set of beliefs and values through quality investigative, supervision and support systems. The agency mission has evolved over the years due to technology and research. The prior mission stateted they provided treatment opportunities for positive lifestyle changes. Ms. Lynch stated “the agency treats everyone with fairness and dignity as they strive to deliver excellence”. The Federal Probation Act of 1925, provided for the establishment of the federal probation system. The probation office for the Northern District of Ohio officially opened its doors on February 12, 1940, with the first officer appointment in Cleveland, followed shortly thereafter by an appointment of an officer in Toledo. Originally, it was under the jurisdiction of the department of Justice and The Bureau of prisons which was designated by the Attorney General to oversee the new system’s administrative direction and supervision. In 1940, a year after Congress established the Administrative Office (AO) of the U.S Courts, a resolution of the Judicial Conference of the U.S transferred administrative control of the Federal Probation System to the AO. Within the AO, the Division of Probation was to oversee the system. During, the 1950’s and 1960’s, dramatic increases in the size and complexity of the workloads of probation offices resulted in the expansion of the officer positions. In 1963, the then Judicial Conference of the U.S Committee on the Administration of the Probation System (now known as the Criminal Law Committee) was created as an ad hoc committee devoted exclusively to the support and improvement of the federal probation system; in recognition of the significant role probation officers played in community corrections of federal defendants and offenders. In 1975, Congress passed the Speedy Trial Act of 1974, authorizing the AO to establish pretrial service agencies in a few courts. In the 1980’s pretrial services expanded nationwide and became an important and integral part of the federal probation system. In 1982, the president signed into law the Pretrial Services Act, directing the AO to establish pretrial services in each judicial district except the District of Columbia. They could be a separate...