Rukun Negara

Topics: Malaysia, United States Constitution, Constitution Pages: 10 (2798 words) Published: March 29, 2012
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Student ID| : 1111115318|
HP Number | : 0143611150|
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Lecture Session | : MALAYSIAN STUDIES|
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Research topic :| Rukun Negara as the National Ideology| Portfolio topic :| |
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Belief in God
Loyalty to King and Country
Upholding the Constitution
Rule of Law
Decorum and Morality


Even though most of the people in the country has heard of Rukun Negara, the understanding and the level of knowledge about it varies very much between each individual. Rukun Negara is the Malaysian ideology. It aims to unite all races in a national ideology. It was declared at the 1970 Independence Day. Most of them only know about the existence of the Rukun Negara, while some are only able to repeat the principle. However, there are some who understand the meaning as well as the message and the demands of each principle. Rukun Negara should be taken as a guide in our day-to-day living because it is a set of “national tenets” that teaches us the right norms of behaviour. There are two types of dimensions of relationship involved wherever there is human interaction. These two relationships are relationship among fellow human beings and relationship with god. Both of these two dimensionsof relationships are recognised by all religions and all profess doing the right things in life. The principles of Rukun Negara ideologise the level the level of authority that control and guide us from the level of god down to the state level, institutions level and finally the self level. The entire background of the ideology and the purpose for creating it must be clearly understood by an individual to internalise the spirits of Rukun Negara. Ideology means a scheme of ideas at the basic of a system. When we say that Rukun Negara is a national ideology it refers to the principles of “living policies” to be used as the peoples guide and actions. In other words Rukun Negara contains values in nationhood as well as social norms covering all aspects of life. It also is an arrangement of ways (principles) for group living.

The Background of Rukun Negara
Date | Incidence/Instrument| Notes |
13 May 1969| Racial clash erupted| * a local quarrel flared into a racial clash | 16 May 1969| The Yang di-Pertuan Agong(YDA) declared a state of emergency. Parliament was suspended. NOC was formed.| * Special Ordinance (Special powers) Emergency, 1969 * Curfew enforced * Assemblies banned * Security controls tightened| August-Dec 1969| Special Peace and Development bodies formed: * National Muhibah Committee * National Unity Department| * Later combined to form the Ministry of National Unity| 29 Jan 1970| National Consultative/Unity Council was formed * Special Rukun Negara committee was setup| * Advisory body for National Operations Council (NOC) * Formulated normative guidance and set of values for unity| 31 August 1970| Rukun Negara as National Ideology was formalized| * Declaration by YDA on Malaysia’s 13th Independence Anniversary |

Table 1.0: Background to the Formulation of Rukun Negara

Analysis and Implications of the Tragedy
1. The bloody tragedy of May 13 shocked the whole nation. 2. The implications of the incident in terms of economy and politics were serious concerns that lingered in the minds of the leaders as well as the rakyat. 3. Thus, many lessons had been learnt from the tragedy especially in the context of racial conflict especially between the Malays and the Chinese for more than 50 years.

The Principles of Rukun...
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