Thesis Statement and Annotated Bibliography
Western Governors University
Research suggests that the United States educational system is failing our children because of the outrageous dropout rate among high school students, the low ranking of U.S. students among member nations of the OECD’s PISA (Program for International Student Assessment) test and due to the enormously influential teachers unions that put politics and power above children and their education.
Chapman, C., Laird, J., Ifill, N. & KewalRamani, A. (October 2011): Trends in High School Dropout
and Completion Rates in the United States 1972–2009.
U.S. Dept. of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Retrieved from
This source gives assessments of rates in 2009, its offers information regarding
tendencies in dropout and completion rates from 1972– 2009, and looks at the
physiognomies of high school dropouts and high school graduates in 2009. There are
four rates given to deliver a clear view of high school dropouts and graduates in the
U.S. These rates are the National Event Dropout Rates, the State Event Dropout
Rates for Public High School Students, the National Status Dropout Rates, the
National Status Completion Rates, the General Educational Development (GED)
Credentials and National Status Completion Rates and the Averaged Freshman
Graduation Rates for Public School Students. The information in this report is
extremely reliable with the researched being conducted by Chris Chapman who is
employed with the National Center for Education Statistics, Jennifer Laird and Nicole Ifill
who are with MPR Associates, Inc., which is a research and consulting firm that
specializes in education and Angelina KewalRamani who is with the Education Statistics
Services Institute American Institutes for Research. This study is well researched and
provides solid background information on my topic and strongly supports my thesis
statement and main points. This information will be incorporated into the research paper
to show how American students are dropping out of school at the high school level at an
alarming rate. (Chapman, C., Laird, J., Ifill, N. & KewalRamani, A., 2011)
Alliance for Excellent Education (March 2012): The Nations High Schools. Retrieved from
This is a short compilation of facts from the Alliance for Excellent Education about the
economic importance of earning a high school diploma, the need to improve high school
completion rates, improving literacy rates based on race and ethnicity, and it points out
the fact that about 10% of all high schools produce more than 40% of the countries
dropouts and most state tests overestimate student proficiency. In addition, this report
discusses the states that have adopted college-career ready standards and the
importance of using comprehensive state data systems to drive academic improvement.
This information will be incorporated into the research paper to show how
school dropout rates are affecting our economy, and to prove the disproportionate
difference between the graduation rates amid White, Black, Asian, Hispanic and
American Indian students.
Although no author is named the information contained in
this report, it is reliable with the researched coming from the National Center for
Education Statistics (NCES), the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)
and the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. This report provides sufficient background
information on my topic and strongly supports my thesis statement and main points.
(Alliance for Excellent Education, 2012)
Alliance for Excellent Education, Fact Sheet (September 2010): High School Dropouts in...
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