Parse’s theory, which was originally called the “man-living-health” theory, originated in 1981. The name was officially changed in 1992 to “human becoming” due to the definition change of man from humankind to male human. The Theory of Human Becoming is adapted from the works of Martha Rogers and others such as Dilthey (1961), Heidegger(1962) , Sartre (1966), and Merlean-Ponty (1962). (Mitchell, 2006).
The theory of Human Becoming consists of three principles and nine concepts. Mitchell (2006) states the nine concepts as •The human is coexisting while co-constituting rhythmical patterns with the universe. •The human is open, freely choosing meaning in situation, bearing responsibility for decisions. •The human is unitary, continuously co-constituting patterns of relating. •The human is transcending multi-dimensionally with the possibles. •Becoming is unitary human-living-health.
•Becoming is a rhythmically co-constituting human-universe process. •Becoming is the human’s patterns of relating value priorities. •Becoming is an intersubjective process of transcending with the possibles. •Becoming is unitary human’s emerging.
“The first principle provides three frames that shape what nurses think about humans before they approach persons in practice.” It uses imaging, valuing and languaging. Imaging is how the person knows...