This research was started by Swiss psychologist Hermann Rorschach. The test is known as the Rorschach test or inkblot test. The article began with an example of two people staring onto the same cloud. While one says it looks like a woman, another says it looks like a volcano. The question arises in how two people can look at the same shape, but see two totally different objects. As the Rorschach tests have shown, the person viewing the image or shape will put his or her own projections into the shape. The object that the viewer see may reveal something about their personality.
The Rorschach ink tests were images of inkblots on a piece of paper. Participants are then required to look at the inkblot and say what they see. Rorschach suggested that what the person sees in the inkblot tells a lot of his or her true psychological nature. Rorschach believes that that this projective test can serve two purpose. One was to reveal unconscious aspects of personality and the other was to diagnose various types of psychopathology.
The theory that is to be tested is that the subject who will be looking at the random inkblots will first be distracted. When they are distracted, their psychological defenses will be weakened, therefore interpreting the inkblot will be from their unconsciousness. Rorschach believes this will show the aspects of psyche that otherwise would've been hidden, to be revealed.
The test begins with the creation of the inkblot papers. Ink would be randomly throw onto a piece of folded paper. However, Rorschach insisted that the inkblots remain relatively simple and symmetrical. Asymmetrical objects are often impossible to interpret. After much testing, Rorschach reached a set of 10 paintings that he found suitable for testing. 5 of the paintings were black on white, 2 were red on black, and 3 were multicolored. Testing begins as Rorschach or researcher shows the subject each painting. They are allowed to interpret...