Love is all consuming, and can not be defined with one word. One of the most famous literary texts about the variations of love is William Shakespeare's ‘Romeo and Juliet’. In the play Shakespeare utilizes language techniques, characterization and plot to provide the reader with a range of ideas about love. The fundamentals of the play lie within the protagonist, Romeo where the notions of love are held. This essay will explore the variations of love depicted in the play, and discuss what literary techniques are used by Shakespeare in defining love.
Shakespeare uses emotive language, hyperbole’s and juxtaposition to communicate to the reader the development in Romeo’s character. Romeo is obsessed with Rosaline; “...she is rich in beauty...”; and Shakespeare has used emotive language to portray this to the reader. A hyperbole is also used; “...I live dead...”, by Shakespeare to express how Romeo feels lust towards Rosalyn and exaggerates his feelings. Shakespeare then juxtaposes Romeo’s feelings for Rosaline with those for Juliet in the scenes which follow. “...Did my heart love till now...” Romeo’s characterization shows the reader the difference between love and lust and how he is now truly in love. This is emphasized by the use of metaphors, ‘...Like a rich jewl in an Ethiope’s ear;” when Romeo describes Juliet. This use of a metaphor accentuates the dramatic change in his feelings.
Shakespeare, being one of the most well known writers of love sonnets, incorporates a love sonnet into the play. The use of a love sonnet highlights the devotion Romeo and Juliet show towards one-another; “...My lips, two blushing pilgrims ready stand...” and is important for communicating the reader the feelings passing between the two. Their language is intertwined into this romantic love poem and the reader is able to better understand the extent of their feelings as well as the urge for them to touch one another “...let lips do what hands do...” In this line Romeo is...
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