Act 3 scene 1 is a very important part of the whole Romeo and Juliet play. There are various mixed emotions the audience will endure throughout the scene and horrific blows are struck within this particular scene.
After reading the scene, we are immediately drawn into one of the main themes of the play, Disorder'. The other themes covered in the play includes: Love versus hate, Disorder, Fate, Friendship and Revenge.
The scene takes place at Verona', a Public place'. A sort of setting where we expect to see laugh and a joke and the development of characters and their feelings towards others, but remembering that Shakespeare is writing this play, we can expect anything to happen.
We are then introduced to the characters with great friendship, Mercutio and Benvolio. Shakespeare has carefully selected these two characters to create impact inside of this particular scene. Without these two characters, the scene would definitely not be the same. The scene starts off with Mercutio and Benvolio are talking to each other. It is a very hot day and Benvolio is somewhat more worried than Mercutio. The day is hot, the capels are abroad, And if we meet we shall not escape a brawl'. Here we are introduced into Benvolio's character a slightly more worried/concerned person than Mercutio. A hot day can get a lot of people bothered; here Benvolio has explained to Mercutio that he feels that it would be wise to leave early before any sort of trouble kicks off, and us knowing that they are in a Public place which is probably the heart of an area if someone's looking for trouble.
Benvolio then goes on to say that he is feeling a tension in the atmosphere and that something bad is going to happen. For now, these hot days, is the mad blood stirring'. On hot days, it is quite common for young men to lose control as Benvolio quite rightly says here.
Mercutio on the hand is a lot more laid back and is a joker. He tries to make himself the centre of attention and tries to make his life as full of action as possible. He opens by suggesting to his worried friend Benvolio that he is also being hot headed: Are you one of them as well?' Here Mercutio is trying to loosen up Benvolio and reminds Benvolio to stay on Mercutio's side if anything were to happen.
Now we know a bit more about Mercutio and Benvolio, I think that Shakespeare has carefully crafted out these two, to give of an effect on the audience as we can already guess now if one of them was going to get in trouble, we'd know who it'd be.
The capulets soon arrive with Tybalt as the main leader.
Benvolio tells Mercutio that the capulets have arrived. Mercutio then responds by being foolish and saying By my heel, I care not'. Tybalt starts off the conversation politely, but in his mind knows that Mercutio will not be very pleasant to talk to. Gentlemen, Good den, a word with one of you'. Mercutio then abruptly, rudely fire's back, And but one word with one of us? Couple it with something; make it a word and a blow'. Here Mercutio is telling Tybalt to either speak to both of them and also tells Tybalt that he's in the mood for a dual. The audience here is going to be worried as Mercutio and Benvolio are heavily outnumbered and still Mercutio is willing to talk so stupidly.
Tybalt is digested and asks Mercutio to speak with some formality. You shall find me apt enough to that, sir, and you will give me occasion'. Here we see Tybalt trying to keep the situation under his control and shows the audience who's the boss. Mercutio still doesn't learn and Provokes Tybalt further. Could you not take some occasion without giving'. Here Mercutio is asking Tybalt can you take a bit of abuse for once without giving me any back. At this point the audience would expect a bit of mouth from Mercutio as there has been rivalry between the two families for many years, however, there are limits to what most human beings can tolerate. Tybalt...