Rome: from Republic to Empire

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“From Republic to Empire”

Anthony Kalandjian
History I, Traviolia
Mon-Wed 8:00-9:25
October 29, 2012

The corruption of Rome became the start of a new Empire that conquered most of the known world at the time of its existence. In 5th century B.C.E., Rome was a new nation with a set of morals unlike any other culture. Their morals defined their Republic but as time passed these set of morals was lost and so was their form of government. Through corruption and power hungry rulers began the transformation of Rome from a Republic to an Empire. This thirst for Power started after the Punic Wars between Rome and Carthage. Around this time Rome had some paranoia of foreign invasion after their experience with the Gauls in 387 B.C.E. The dispute between the two nations arose over the island of Sicily where Carthage was trying to protect its trade settlements and Rome attempting to stop Carthage from getting too close to their territory. After the defeat of Carthage in the Punic Wars, Rome plundered the rich nation and made them pay war taxes in order to compensate for all of Rome’s losses. The Romans also sought after Macedonia for allying with Carthage during the wars and out of revenge defeated the Macedonian king’s army and took the nation and converted them and Greece into provinces. These conquering of nations made Rome grow a craving for power especially after enjoying sweet victory and the riches gained from sacking towns. Corruption grew within the political practices of Rome’s senate starting with the event that took place involving the Gracchi Brothers, Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus. Tiberius became elected as a Tribune in 133 B.C.E. and spent most of his time trying to push forward land reforms to pass that allowed the Plebian class to regain their land back from the Patricians. During the Punic Wars many Plebian farmers lost their land because they were away for too long in battle. Usually they left a hired hand or their wife to tend the...
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