Rome and Han China

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Two of the greatest empires in all of history, the Ancient Roman and the Han China empires are similar in terms of both creating great inventions still used today; however, they are different in terms of how their militaries were organized and their religious beliefs.

Ancient Romans were the first to invent and use concrete for buildings and other architectural use. It put them ahead of other empires due to the fact that they could now use concrete to create and make buildings stronger and able to support more weight. Concrete is the reason domes are made possible today. The Romans were the first society to manufacture roads for military purposes. “All roads lead to Rome” is an expression used to show how every road in Europe branches out of Rome. We still use most Roman inventions today. Han China, on the other hand, also greatly benefited the world with the creation of many smaller but still widely used items. The wheelbarrow, for example, may not have had a huge impact on society at the time, but still we use it for many tasks today. The Chinese in the Han Empire also invented paper which is perhaps one of the greatest inventions of all time. As Rome used architecture to build aqueducts as one of the earliest forms of irrigation, China used its architecture to build many large defensive walls and large bridges.

The Roman and the Han Empires had many different views on religion. Romans tended to believe in mythology, where they shared many gods that were simply counterparts of Greek gods such as Zeus being known as Jupiter in Rome. Romans also practiced many other more common religions, such as Christianity and Judaism. Christianity spread in the Mediterranean Basin. In the first century A.D, in the time of Emperor Nero, Christianity was looked down upon and was even punishable by death. The Han Empire followed many different religions, such as Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism. They mostly practiced Taoism; however, Buddhism became very popular when it was...
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