While both the Roman and Han empires were very successful, they went through very different obstacles in accomplishing what they did. The two empires were located in very different geographic settings providing them with different challenges. The geographic factors of Europe helped the economic development of the Roman Empire while the geographic factors in China mostly hindered the economic development of the Han empire.
One geographic factor that allows for easy access to trade and leads to economic prosperity is being near a large water source. A water source can permit one group of people to be able to come into contact with a different group of people more easily. By being able to interact with different groups of people, you can trade with them, conquer them, and learn different skills from them. The Roman Empire was situated by many larger sources of water. Very central to them was the Mediterranean Sea, and they also had contact with the Black Sea, North Sea, and Atlantic Ocean (Doc. 1). This allowed them to be able to travel by water to many different lands and interact with many different peoples. By doing this, they were able to advance economic and really improve the economic development of the Roman empire. The Han dynasty did not have access to as many water sources as the Roman Empire did. While the Romans had a very central water source (the Mediterranean) to connect them with many different groups of people, the Han dynasty had water on their coast that didn’t connect them with other lands and had a few main rivers running through it that weren’t connected (Doc. 5). Because the Han dynasty didn’t have a large water source to connect them with other people, it was harder for them to learn new skills and trade with other people that would benefit them economically therefore that geographic factor hindered the Han’s economic development. The few main rivers in China weren’t connected, and this hurt the Han militarily and commercially. Qin emperor...
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